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The national capital of public education

There, Presbyter José de Oro and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento built the first school to give public education in Argentina.

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San Luis

Every place we know hides small stories that sometimes go unnoticed, but which were the germ for great events in our country. Sarmiento is said to be “the father of the classroom”, but a lesser known situation is that, in Argentina, there is also a town that is considered the “capital city” national level of public education”. San Francisco del Monte de Oro is located between the two most important tourist destinations in San Luis: Villa de Merlo and Sierra de las Quijadas. However, most tourists often overlook it. This village falls in love instantly and offers many natural beauties to its visitors: it is an ecological sanctuary, as it is the southernmost point where Caranday palm trees grow. It is also surrounded by the Central Sierras de San Luis and is crossed by the Tannery River.The site also has a very important historical legacy. In 1826, there was the priest José de Oro, who was joined shortly later by his nephew, Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. Together, they built the first school to provide public education in Argentina, when Argentina was only 15 years old. In San Francisco there is still a ranch where he taught children, youth and adults to read and write. Many reasons, then, it is worth knowing our “national capital of public education.”

Publication Date: 09/08/2018

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By: Marcelo Arndt 05 September, 2018

No fue la primera escuela de educación pública argentina. En 1810 por iniciativa del vocal Manuel Belgrano se crearon las denominadas Escuelas de la Patria, el propio Sarmiento por 1820 fue a una de ellas en San Juan dirigida por los hermanos Rodriguez como lo cuenta en su libro archi famoso Recuerdos de Provinicia, en esa escuela Sarmiento según el mismo, no faltó un día al colegio.

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By: Marcelo Arndt 05 September, 2018

Las primeras escuelas de la Patria se crearon en 1810 sobre la base de las existentes escuelas públicas del Cabildo, que funcionaban durante la Colonia Española y eran gratuitas salvo que cada familia pagaba un real al maestro como sueldo. Las órdenes religiosas tenían escuelas gratuitas conventuales. Existían en el Virreinato tres escuelas que podríamos llamar secundarias, El real convictorio Carolino de Buenos Aires, (Hoy Colegio Nacional Buenos Aires), el Real Colegio de Monserrat en Córdoba (Hoy Colegio Nacional de Monserrat) y la Escuela de dibujo y náutica del Real Consulado de Buenos Aires, (Hoy Escuela Nacional de Náutica) creada por Manuel Belgrano cuando era Secretario Perpetuo del Consulado. Para las niñas durante la colonia y primeros años de la Revolución, solo había educación privada en las casas, hasta que en época de Rivadavia, se crearon las primeras escuelas para niñas que eran privadas a cargo de maestras extranjeras y supervisadas por la sociedad de beneficencia cuya presidente casi eterna era Mariquita Sanchez de Tomson. Estas escuelas estaban fuera de la jurisdicción de los conventos de monjas que educaban niñas desde el siglo XVII.

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