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The national capital of public education

There, the priests José de Oro and Domingo Faustino Sarmiento built the first school that provided public education in Argentina.

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Every place we know hides little stories that sometimes go unnoticed, but that were the germ for great deeds of our country. Sarmiento is said to have been "the father of the classroom", but a less well-known situation is that, in Argentina, there is also a town that is considered the "national capital of public education". And it's not in San Juan. San Francisco del Monte de Oro is located between the two most important tourist destinations of San Luis: Villa de Merlo and Sierra de las Quijadas. However, most tourists tend to overlook it. This town is instantly captivating and offers many natural beauties to its visitors: it is an ecological sanctuary, as it is the southernmost point where Caranday palms grow. In addition, it is surrounded by the Sierras Centrales de San Luis and is crossed by the Rio Curtiembre. The site also has a very important historical legacy. In 1826, the priest José de Oro arrived there, who was joined shortly after by his nephew: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. Together, they built the first school to provide public education in Argentina, when the latter was only 15 years old. In San Francisco, the ranch where he taught reading and writing to local children, youth and adults is still preserved. Many reasons, then, why it is worth knowing our "national capital of public education".

Publication Date: 09/08/2018

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By: Marcelo Arndt 05 September, 2018

No fue la primera escuela de educación pública argentina. En 1810 por iniciativa del vocal Manuel Belgrano se crearon las denominadas Escuelas de la Patria, el propio Sarmiento por 1820 fue a una de ellas en San Juan dirigida por los hermanos Rodriguez como lo cuenta en su libro archi famoso Recuerdos de Provinicia, en esa escuela Sarmiento según el mismo, no faltó un día al colegio.

By: Marcelo Arndt 05 September, 2018

Las primeras escuelas de la Patria se crearon en 1810 sobre la base de las existentes escuelas públicas del Cabildo, que funcionaban durante la Colonia Española y eran gratuitas salvo que cada familia pagaba un real al maestro como sueldo. Las órdenes religiosas tenían escuelas gratuitas conventuales. Existían en el Virreinato tres escuelas que podríamos llamar secundarias, El real convictorio Carolino de Buenos Aires, (Hoy Colegio Nacional Buenos Aires), el Real Colegio de Monserrat en Córdoba (Hoy Colegio Nacional de Monserrat) y la Escuela de dibujo y náutica del Real Consulado de Buenos Aires, (Hoy Escuela Nacional de Náutica) creada por Manuel Belgrano cuando era Secretario Perpetuo del Consulado. Para las niñas durante la colonia y primeros años de la Revolución, solo había educación privada en las casas, hasta que en época de Rivadavia, se crearon las primeras escuelas para niñas que eran privadas a cargo de maestras extranjeras y supervisadas por la sociedad de beneficencia cuya presidente casi eterna era Mariquita Sanchez de Tomson. Estas escuelas estaban fuera de la jurisdicción de los conventos de monjas que educaban niñas desde el siglo XVII.

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