The frozen region
A difficult region to visit, but no less important for all of us who love this country.
If there is an Argentinean region that is distant and unknown to us, it is Antarctica. The ice that covers it makes it difficult to delimit the earth from the water, which even gives it a mysterious aura. However, many wonders are hidden under this cold mantle. The Argentine Antarctic or Argentine Antarctic Sector is between meridians 74°W and 25°W, parallel 60°S and the South Pole. This area is claimed by the Republic of Argentina, which considers it as one of its geographical regions and an integral part of its territory. Its estimated surface area is 1,461,597 km², of which 965,314 km² correspond to the mainland. It is covered by a thick glacial shell, where 80% of all the ice in the world is concentrated, making it the largest freshwater reserve on the planet. Temperatures range from 0ºC in summer to -60ºC in winter, although at certain points it can drop to approximately -82ºC. Due to these harsh climatic conditions, there are hardly any plants. The vegetation consists of about 350 species of lichens, as well as algae, mosses, bacteria and two flowering plants: Deschampsia antartica and Colobanthus crassifolius. The vast majority of terrestrial animals found are arthropods and comprise about 50 species; the most abundant are non-parasitic sidewalks and tissanides, small primitive insects. However, Antarctica has certain inhabitants that bring colour to its cold days: penguins, albatrosses, petrels, cormorants, skuas, oreas, whales, sperm whales, sea lions and seals. At the same time, the marine fauna is abundant: there are approximately 200 species of fish. Antarctica is a difficult region to visit, but no less important for all of us who love this country.