Ser Argentino. All about Argentina

Geography Argentina in numbers.

Argentine geography in numbers.

Argentina is the second largest country in Latin America and also in South America, the fourth largest country in the whole of America and the eighth largest country in the world. The first positions are occupied by India, Australia, Brazil, the United States, China, Canada and  Russia  at the top of the ranking.

We are also one of the longest countries in the globe, since from La Quiaca to Ushuaia, that is, from the northernmost point to the southernmost point, there are 3779 kilometers. This extreme point is located further south than Africa and Australia.

Our latitude is greater than 33 degrees and longitude greater than 20 degrees.

Our total area is 3,761,274 square kilometers, this number includes both the American continental area and the area of Antarctica, without leaving out all the southern islands for which we claim sovereignty (Malvinas, Georgia, Shetland, Sandwich, Orkney). The continental area only covers 2,780,400 square kilometers.

We have the second highest peak in the world; the  Aconcagua , with 6960 meters above sea level. Located in the province of Mendoza, it integrates the Cordillera de los Andes and is the highest peak on the planet behind the Himalayan systems. In contrast, the lowest point in the country is the Laguna del Carbón, located 48 kilometers from the port of San Julián, in the province of Santa Cruz. It is 108 metres below sea level and constitutes the lowest point in the Southern and Western hemispheres. In turn, it is the seventh depression in the world.

As far as river systems are concerned, the La Plata River basin composed of the Paraná (born in Brazil), Paraguay, Uruguay and Rio de La Plata rivers, is the second longest in South America (surpasses only that of the Amazon River in Brazil) and the fifth longest in the world behind the Amazon Basins, Congo, Nile and Mississippi.

The highest temperature ever recorded in our country (and in South America) occurred on February 19, 1920 in Villa María de Río Seco, Cordoba, and was 49.1 degrees. While the lowest (outside Antarctica) was 39 degrees below zero, recorded in Los Patos Superior Valley, San Juan, on July 17, 1972. Temperature that also set a record for Latin America.

According to the average annual rainfall, in Ushuaia, Tierra del Fuego, it rains 214 days a year and also snow 31 days a year. Although the record, in this case, is the Cerro Catedral, in Rio Negro, with 98 days of snow a year. In almost all provinces, throughout the country, snowfall was recorded at some point in history, the only province where no records of snowfall are known is the province of Formosa. According to the same annual average, the place with the least record of rainfall per year is the Puna de Atacama, in Salta.

As far as winds are concerned, the windiest city is Río Gallegos with an average annual winds of 50 kilometers per hour. It is ranked second among the windiest cities in the world, behind Wellington, in New Zealand, where winds reach 65 kilometers per hour. Despite all this, the record is held by the city of Santa Rosa, in the province of  La Pampa , where on August 20, 1986, the gusts of wind reached a speed of 222 kilometers per hour.

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