I wrote! Reader NotesGo to section
This woman is a historical icon of San Juan and Argentina. Its name echoes by its absence in history manuals, but it rumbles in the popular imaginary. Martina Chapanay was a chasqui of the Army of the Andes, a bandolera, member of the gauchas montoneras and sergeant of the San Juan police, but was also much more...
He was born in Valle del Zonda , province of San Juan. Some say it was February 22, and in his honor they wanted to establish the day of the Cuyana woman. However, there is no certainty about the date of this fact. She was the daughter of a Huarpe warlord of that name and a white captive. His mother was a woman of great goodness and devotee Christian, who turned her home into a school for local children. From it, he learned the values and the kindness of giving. From him, his thirst for struggle.
Martina, at a young age, learned to orient herself in the valleys and mountains. And also to ride and tame horses . He knew how to handle the bow and the boleadoras, when none of that was a propitious task for a woman. Little by little, he began to position himself at the height of any gaucho man : He learned to fight and became the protagonist of stories where he stands out for his audacity and bravery.
Despite so much symbolism and mysticism printed in its history, reality accompanies these heroic attitudes. There are records of his bold passage through this world, and it is known that he fought until the last minute. From 1822, Martina was part of the montonera that consolidated Facundo Quiroga 's army. Obviously, he took part in the battles that the Rioja warlord gave.
But after the murder of Tigre de los Llanos , she returns to the community for a certain time. Until the politics of Buenos Aires centralism, which sheared the inhabitants of the provinces, leads her back to the fight. He quickly found his way and joined the forces of the Sanjuanino warlord Nazario Benavídez. Martina Chapanay continued to maintain her federal militancy, participating in the battle of Angaco and the Sitio to San Juan.
In 1859, Benavídez was murdered by Sanjuanino liberals, friends of Sarmiento. She refolds and then approach the montonera of Ángel Vicente Peñaloza, aka “El Chacho”. And it stands out again for his bravery and bravery. For the third time he sees his boss die in the hands of the enemy: this time it was El Chacho.
Martina returns to Valle Fértil, the area of her ancestors and resides there until she faces death face to face, and is defeated . He died in 1874, in the town of Mogna, where a wooden cross indicates where it was buried.
His innumerable and heroic exploits are part of the true story, which includes women as protagonists. His passing through this life left an indelible memory in the collective memory of the Cuyano people . Her image of a brave woman , committed to defending the poorest families and claiming the rights of those impoverished provinces, persists in the west of the country. yet, their influence does not appear in books, academies or schools. Today, only a popular cueca remembers it and makes a dont in the popular imaginary so that its history does not forget among many more...
“ Martina Chapanay was the nobility of the place.
Good cuyanita with a brunette face,
brave and serene must not forget you.”
La Martina Chapanay — Cueca de Hilario Paintings
Publication Date: 10/04/2021
We suggest you continue reading the following notes:
There are not comments
Accompanied by their Caribbean dog, the Rioja couple claims that they are not tourists because they...
Patrizia nos trae una clase más para que continuemos con el reto yogui, esta vez con una práctica un...
La talentosa actriz publicó hace unos años su álbum debut “Nude” por PopArtDiscos y en los últimos m...
La mirada profesional de Oscar Parra, CEO de Inverpoint Argentina, en un mundo que ha cambiado para...