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Northern language, an indigenous cultural treasure

The Argentines in the north have a language that for many is different, but in reality it is enriched by the indigenous cultural contribution of the region.

How we talk
Lenguaje norteño

Northern language is characterized by three elements: tonada, shortening words and lexical loans. Many think that the only province that has tonada is Cordoba. But they are wrong, Cordoba has an iconic and popular tone, but other provinces too. And if we talk about the northern language, we're going to be surprised.

The influence of tones in the northern provinces has to do with their historical formation. Tucuman, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Jujuy are enriched by Quechua culture. An indigenous and indigenous language used in the region including part of Chile, Bolivia and Peru.

If we continue to the north, but we go east, the current of influence changes. In provinces such as Misiones, Corrientes, part of Chaco, Formosa and Entre Rios there is a great Guarani belonging. Guarani is one of the official languages in Paraguay, also in Bolivia. Jump, which is to the west, also has Guarani part in its culture. Corrientes is a province that you have made Guarani one of its official languages.

 Speak wrong?  

Another feature of northern speech is the action of shortening words. Many times we can hear someone say that a northerner eats the s . It may be, but it's because our language is defined by what we hear, and not by how it is written. There are words that, in pronunciation, seem to lose some characteristic. If that word is further popularized and pronounced several times, its form changes, at least in oral language. And even if it seems that he is missing a letter, it is well said because it fulfills the goal of transmitting a message.

 The opposite happens in Santiago del Estero, there are never missing, but they develop the same linguistic construction as other provinces.   I don't exist there, it's pronounced “io. ” This shows that the northern language has complex variations in each province. Modifications typical of each province, but that do not imply incorrect use of language.

 The native words 

Lexical loans, like tonada, have a direct connection with indigenous and indigenous languages. The common vocabulary of northerners is fraught with words that come from the Quechua language. In other sectors such as Mesopotamia, Guarani has a strong contribution.

Northern language may be the most enriched by Aboriginal and indigenous cultures. This being an element that does not have other provinces where linguistic contributions may be foreign. Something that does not make anyone better or worse, simply shows the endless cultural diversity of our country.

Publication Date: 23/04/2020

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