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The world is no longer what it was and probably never will ever be again. The situation that broke out globally because of the coronavirus pandemic impacts us at the link and personal level. No one is exempt from suffering the consequences that this new way of life imposes on us. In this context, INDEC conducted a study to measure the impact of COVID-19 on AMBA households. We tell you what the results were.
Recently, the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC) , a technical decentralized public body operating within the orbit of the Ministry of Economy, published the second report on the subject. It is called “ Study on the impact of COVID-19 on homes in Greater Buenos Aires ” and explores the consequences of the pandemic on the habits and emotional situation of the inhabitants of the city of Buenos Aires and the parties of the Buenos Aires conurban area, between August and October 2020.
The study explored different issues that have to do with everyday habits and emotional circumstances . The questions were related, on the one hand, to physical activity, social distancing and hygiene, and, on the other, to anxiety and difficulties falling asleep. Distance education and access to technology was also investigated.
Although it seems that physical activity was one of the favorite hobbies of quarantine (after making breads with sourdough, of course), the report revealed that 45.5% of people consulted left or decreased their physical activity . However, 14.9 per cent began or intensified their pre-pandemic exercise .
Of everything that has changed from the current situation, undoubtedly the way we interact with other people is one of the things that have most affected our day to day, especially in a country like ours, in which affectionate greetings and the shared matte are part of our idiosyncrasy.
However, the study confirms that the vast majority of people have changed these behaviors . Those who participated in the survey were consulted about practices such as avoiding hand greetings, kisses or hugs with people who do not belong to the household; avoid meetings in groups of more than ten people; and reducing the frequency with which shopping is made in shops. In this regard, 75 per cent of those consulted stated that they have incorporated these social distancing measures, especially older adults.
In turn, participants were asked about the use of flaps or flocks and the frequency of hand washing . Ninety percent of people reported that they have incorporated both practices from the pandemic.
It is clear that the emotional impact of the health crisis and mandatory quarantine was very high. In this sense, 56.3% of the sample confirmed that they felt more anxiety than before the pandemic . As could be expected, anxiety increased even more in households where household income decreased, in which it reached 62.4 per cent.
Another of the circumstances in which the incidence of the pandemic is noted on the emotional state of people is in difficulties sleeping. The study revealed that 33.5 per cent of those consulted reported having more difficulty sleeping than before the pandemic.
Distance education was another major change that came with COVID-19. Access to electronic devices was key when it comes to marking the differences between students. In households with PCs, notebooks or tablets, participation in virtual classes reached 76.9 per cent in primary school and 75.9 per cent in secondary school . However, households without this equipment live a very different reality: only 37.1% were able to participate in primary classes and 39.8% in secondary schools.
In addition, about three-quarters of children and adolescents increased their screen time (TV, PC, notebook, tablet or cell phone) since the start of the pandemic, not counting the time they spend on schoolwork.
The present is a new reality, with new customs, and Argentines are trying to move forward in a context where what reigns is uncertainty.
Publication Date: 10/04/2021
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