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Jerónimo Llorens speaks of Afro-Cordobeses and refers to this culture as “the blood that was denied us” . Because the reality of black people in Cordoba, and in Argentina, is an invisible reality. Afro-Cordobeses and Afro-descendants are a hidden part of history.
We commit the lack of systematically deny the roots that do not appear in hegemonic discourses. These roots were erased from our story from what is called in history as “bleaching of the speech¨ . A process that was responsible for shaping history around dominant discourses and prevailing stereotypes. Deleting alternative identities which show terrible episodes of our history. Denying the multicultural origin which inhabits and constitutes us.
The Cordobeses, the Argentines, descend from native peoples, from Africans, from blacks. And we seem to forget it, or we choose to deny it. We prefer to keep the part of our tree that gives us European genes . Yes: Italians, Germans, Spaniards are also part of our inheritance . But if we recognize our European side, we must also return to our African origins . It is up to us to question the story they told us. It is up to us to criticize, inquire, to recognize that there are parties that denied us. Where did we come from? What roles did our ancestors play beyond our individual history? The history of werewolf of the man We know it.
Slavers and slaves, exploiters and exploited, colonizers and colonized . We always find it very difficult to recognize our most violated face. Because this facet requires a process not only acknowledgment , but also of claim . In the case of our African ancestors, the task is to recognize that they were enslaved. Discriminated and subjugated by their skin color. And that, in a slightly more modern way, these mechanisms continue to work. A new form of slavery inhabits us. New dynamics of submission emerged with the evolution of a system that abolished slavery, but which works from the subordination of bad calls “minorities”.
However, there is a cordovan cry that gets up and is increasingly heard louder. We Afrocordobeses exist and resist . Cordovan blackness exists. It constitutes us, it runs through our veins. Blackness as movement, as criticism, as a claim, as a demand for recognition. Blackness as a right, as freedom, as identity.
It was for the 1600 approximately which began to arrive in Córdoba entire contingents of enslaved blacks. They came from Angola and migrated to areas of Chile and Alto Peru, together with their masters. But not all left, many continued to inhabit the Argentine lands and, above all, the Cordovan lands. They are the ones who became part of our tree , those who were born together with the latin american identity . And that, today, they are invisible.
There are records of the population of a century after this strong black emigration. In the 1778 census, aphromestizas castes formed a 48% of the population . And, in 1813, they formed more than half of the population . Our black roots exist, resist and tell us stories. They are the roots that bring us dancing, candombe and hunger for freedom .
It is those roots that were denied to us. The black population, with its culture, worldview and rituals, were systematically suppressed from history . Completely removed from our books, from political and media discourses. Completely discarded from our DNA .
This suppression was not an innocent decision. It was within the framework of national campaigns for the formation of a argentina state society. With the aim of making Argentina's identity homogeneous, hegemonic, white and euro descendant. However, the evidence is left over. Our language, as a reflection of our history and the depths of our soul, gives us African words. “Quilombo”, “mine”, “mandinga”, and more... are some of the words that let us glimpse our afro origin.
The Cordovan struggle against racism which excludes black identities from society is of yesteryear. And it manifests itself in different ways. The gait of the cap, resistance to the code of faults and other Cordoba events put on the table some issues. The town goes out into the street and gets heard. In these meetings, it is shown the reality of black in Argentina , the day to day of black in Córdoba. First person stigmatization is narrated. The racism and classism that we reproduce daily in Argentine society is visible.
In Córdoba there are organizations and groups of people that they work day by day for the recognition of afro culture . La Mesa Afro Cordoba investigates and studies our origins. He takes them and brings them from academia to the popular. Recognition of this part of the population also implies a self-overview . It implies a new path of self-knowledge, almost a revelation. You don't have to go too far to find out that our heart also beats black .
Publication Date: 21/05/2020
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