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The city of San Salvador de Jujuy holds a true cultural treasure. These are four sculptures by Lola Mora that can be seen in the heart of the Jujuña capital and which were donated by the National Congress in 1992 . La Libertad, La Justicia, El Progreso and La Paz are located above the gardens of the Government House , while El Trabajo has a space reserved in the central quarter. There is also the work Los Leones in the Plaza de Ciudad de Nieva.
For many years these majestic pieces of art were exhibited in the province, but bandalism and the passage of time caused a significant deterioration.Therefore, in 2019, the provincial government decided to create a space where the six original works of the artist Tucumana will be exhibited.
At present the works were replaced by identical replicas in order to preserve the authentic ones. The original pieces were moved to Buenos Aires to undergo a cleaning search and remain sheltered until the museum can be completed in tribute to this important artist from the north of our country.
Lola Mora was a talented and bold woman who challenged the canons of the time and suffered censorship for her work. She is the first Latin American sculptor .He was born on November 17, 1866, although there are no certainties about his place of origin. On the one hand, the Salteños claim that it was in Tala, while the Tucumans claim that their birth occurred in Trancas.
The truth is that the artist always recognized herself in Tucumana , this is because she did her primary studies at Colegio Sarmiento and it was in these lands that her vocation began to flourish. At the age of 18 he suffered the loss of his parents and was taken care of by his older sister's husband. Two years after suffering this hard blow, the young woman began her painting and drawing studies focusing on neoclassicism and European romanticism . This opened a door between Tucuman high society, which allowed him to start doing custom work and be part of a select circle.
He traveled to Buenos Aires and then to Italy, where he studied with Francesco Paolo Michetti and Giulio Monteverde , a renowned sculptor who came to be compared to Michelangelo Bounarroti. The latter recommended that he devote himself to sculpture, so Lola Mora decided to abandon the drawing. Success did not take long: he exhibited in Europe, won medals, and the national press began publishing his works. In 1900 he was back in Argentina and began to receive important commissions, among which the Fountain of the Nereidas can be seen in the City of Buenos Aires.
A lot of talk about his private life, he went to say that he was a lover of President Julio Argentino Roca, also rumored about his sexual inclinations, which at that time represented a real scandal. At the age of 42, she married a man 17 years younger and separated at the age of 5. Different stumbling blocks led him to abandon sculpture in 1992 and decide to devote himself to other ventures, including in the railway and urban areas. Her business was unsuccessful and, impoverished, she fell under the care of her nieces.
At 69, she suffered a stroke that left her prostrate and eventually ended her life. In 1977 his remains were moved from the Chacarita Cemetery to the province of Tucumán.
It was certainly an advance for the time, an empowered rebel who marked a before and after in the history and culture of our country.
Publication Date: 16/09/2020
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