Buenos Aires - - Tuesday 22 De June

Home People Art and Literature 13 books that changed the world

13 books that changed the world

In this arbitrary selection, we tell you the books that changed the history of mankind.

Art and Literature
  1.  Dialogues (Plato). These are different texts where the Greek philosopher, Plato, brings the voice of Socrates, who discusses with his contemporaries the great metaphysical, moral and political problems. Plato lived from 387 to 347 b.C. C, was a disciple of Socrates and teacher Aristotle. Among the three, since ancient Greece, they forever changed Western philosophy.
  2.  Bible/Torah/Quran.  They are nothing less than the Holy Scriptures that shaped three of the most practiced monotheistic religions in the world: Christianity, Judaism and Islamism.
  3.  Beowulf (Anonymous). It is considered the first poem in a modern European language that reflects a feudal, newly-Christian world of heroes and monsters, blood and victory. The author and the date of composition are unknown, although the date of publication is estimated to be between the eighth and twelfth century d. C. It is written in ancient English and has 3182 verses.
  4.  The divine comedy (Dante Alighieri). The great poem by the Italian Alighieri, where hell, purgatory and paradise had never been represented with such mastery and lyricism.Dante summarizes an accumulated knowledge of centuries, from ancient times to the medieval world, with the religious faith and the moral and philosophical convictions present in each verse. It is estimated that it was first published in 1307.
  5.  Hamlet (William Shakespeare). One of the most emblematic works of the Elizabethan English theatre is said that with Hamlet, the consciousness of the subject was born who later philosophers like Kant will address in his works. It was published sometime between 1599 and 1601.
  6.  The ingenious gentleman Don Quixote de la Mancha (Miguel de Cervantes). It began as a mockery of the works of cavalry of the time and became the top work of Spanish literature. It was published in 1605 and represents the first modern novel and the first polyphonic novel.
  7.  The discourse of the method (René Descartes).  “ I think, then I exist” was the famous phrase by René Descartes that gave entity to a new way of knowing and knowing the world. It marked a break in Western thought.It was published anonymously in Leiden, Holland, in 1637 under the title: “Discourse of the Method of Conducting One's Reason Well and Seeking Truth in Sciences”.
  8.  Reviews (Emmanuel Kant). Criticism of pure reason; practical reason, and judgment are the three pillars of the magna work of German Immanuel Kant. There he reflects on the faculties of reason, understanding and sensitivity, among other major issues.  The criticism of pure reason,  first published in 1781, deals with a transcendental inquiry into the epistemic conditions of human knowledge whose central objective is to achieve a definitive answer as to whether metaphysics can be considered a science.
  9.  The origin of the species (Charles Darwin). With this book, the English scientist Charles Darwin presented his theory of evolution through natural selection. Today it remains the basis of the study of nature for contemporary biology. It was published on November 24, 1859 and is considered a precursor of scientific literature and the foundation of evolutionary biology theory.
  10.  The capital (Karl Marx).  Undoubtedly, the most revolutionary and influential text. There, the German Marx unraveled and explained the foundations of the capitalist system and its class struggle, through a treaty of criticism of political economy. At the same time it is considered a work of philosophy, a treatise on economy or political that describes the relations of domination between the social classes: on the one hand the proletarians and on the other the bourgeois. It was published in 1867.
  11.  So spoke Zarathustra (FriedrichNietzsche). In this work, the thinker synthesizes the essentials of his philosophy, destined to the creation of the superman. Some consider this text as the counter-figura of the Bible and a manual for those who seek theTruth, Good and Evil.It contains Nietzsche's main ideas expressed poetically, and is composed of stories, speeches, facts and reflections of a prophet named Zarathustra (character inspired by Zoroaster, founder of Mazdeism or Zoroastrianism). It was printed in 1883.
  12.  The interpretation of dreams (Sigmund Freud). No theory as psychoanalytic doctrine exerted as much influence as that of the Austrian psychologist Sigmund Freud, who established a different way of understanding psychic reality. The author argues that dreams are a hallucinatory realization of desires and, consequently, a privileged way of access to the unconscious, through the use of the interpretive method founded on the free association of the most important symbols of sleep. It was published in November 1899 and revolutionized the twentieth century.
  13.  The second sex (Simone de Beauvoir). One of the main books on Feminism, where the famous phrase of the philosopher resounds: “Woman is done, not born.”Its author, Simone-Lucie-Ernestine-Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir, began to write it when she reflected on what was meant to her being a woman. It was published in 1949.

Source:  Sec. de Cultura de la Nación 

Publication Date: 17/12/2018

Rate this item



I wrote! Reader Notes

Go to section


There are not comments

Leave feedback


Argentines around the world
Valentín Saal He went out to China and didn't come back

Valentín Saal is a Mendocino business manager working in China. Via Instagram he told us the experie...

Argentines around the world
El viaje de Pampa The trip of Pampa

Bethlehem, Roberto and Pampa, took the route in a combi model 59. We tell you his story.

Argentines around the world
Viajaros “La Tota por América”: a Rioja couple traveling around the world

Accompanied by their Caribbean dog, the Rioja couple claims that they are not tourists because they...

Health and Esthetics
Yoga Challenge - Tercera práctica ¿Te animás a la tercera clase del reto yogui?

Patrizia nos trae una clase más para que continuemos con el reto yogui, esta vez con una práctica un...



I want to be up to date

Subscribe to our newsletter and I received the latest news