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They warn that neurodegenerative diseases will increase exponentially in Latin America

According to 200 researchers from 15 countries, the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases will multiply in the coming decades.
Science
Advierten que las enfermedades neurodegenerativas aumentarán exponencialmente en Latinoamérica
13 October, 2019

The International Consortium on Dementia for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC-CD) composed of more than 200 researchers from 15 countries indicated that the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases will multiply in the coming decades. In turn, they warned that the health system, the medical system and the therapeutic system are not prepared to cope with this situation.

Dr. Agustín Ibáñez, director of the Institute of Cognitive and Translational Neuroscience (INCYT) of the CONICETFAVALORO-INECO and coordinator of the International Consortium LAC-CD, warned that “it is a problem that is not is going to stop and basically what is expected is to quadruple the prevalence of dementia in Latin America by 2050.” “Latin America and Argentina, along with Africa, have the highest rates of neurodegenerative diseases in the world and this prevalence will grow exponentially in coming decades,” the expert added.

Prevention programs could reduce the number of projections indicated for Latin America. However, researcher Ibáñez noted that “the governments of the region do not have awareness, or do not dimension the effect that the increase in dementia will have, and do not generate policies with a view to the next 10 to 15 years.”

Argentina and neurodegenerative diseases

Ibáñez explained that “Argentina had come to outline a plan for dementia by the PAMI, but it is no longer in force; Costa Rica has a plan without resources; Cuba is making good progress; and Chile is the only country in the region that is just starting a project with the required resources.”

“ Socio-economic constraints and the social determinants of health, such as social inequality, deficiencies in education, accommodation, health services, occupational safety, have a significant impact on the manifestation of dementia,” said Ibáñez. No long-term public policies, it is not possible that the screenings for Latin America. Meanwhile, Ibáñez warned that the health, medical system and therapeutic system are not prepared for cope with this situation.

Education, access to housing, good food, recreational activities, healthy living, good sleep, social ties are factors that reduce the development of dementia. That is why, in developed countries, prevalence is declining.

In INCYT they have discovered that certain verbs that describe actions (for example: running, jumping, clapping, walking, hit) are affected early and specifically in patients with Parkinson’s disease and other movement disorders.

Current Diagnosis

“ The truth is that, currently, dementia is diagnosed very badly or is diagnosed as senile dementia, but it is very different to have a Parkinson’s disease, an ataxia, a frontotemporal dementia or a sick Lewis body than an Alzheimer’s disease,” said Agustín Ibáñez. He added: “While these diseases have no cure, their early detection is crucial for developing intervention programs that are personalized.”

To this end, the International Consortium LAC-CD will seek to develop

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