3 classics of gauchesca literature
Gauchesca literature is its own literary genre of our country (we could extend it to the sister Republic of Uruguay, already that in the nineteenth century cultural relations were even closer than now) and, if you want to widen the breast a little, one of the few genera (but the only one) which can be said to be unique to one country.
The characteristics of the genre are simple: the gaucho has to be the protagonist, it has to be written using the language of the country people (with the registration difficulties) and should be set in La Pampa (or the desert, a territory in which the gaucho was very common).
With regard to the target audience, there are a lot of discussion. Some scholars claim that the idea of the works was to be spread among the gauchaje itself, that is, the same class to which they reflect, and others say it was taken as a kind of “ethnic literature”: the function was for the upper classes to know a little more how this part lived. of the population. Considering that the gaucho was rarely literate, I tend to subscribe more the last option, but the discussion is open (do not underestimate oral transmission, ie a literate reading the play for an audience who listens to it). Be that as it may, these are the three more representative.
The gaucho Martín Fierro and The Return of Martín Fierro: the hit of the gauchesca
The classic of the Argentinian classics. The first poem by José Hernández was published in 1872 and the second in 1879. It is basically a book of denunciation of the situation of the gaucho during the presidency of Sarmiento (and unfortunately a text that already showed what would happen during Roca‘s). The strongest complaint is against what was known as the “cam law”, which said that anyone who could not justify a stable job would be taken to the border to defend it from the Indian. As you can imagine, most of the gauchos lived on changas, so the forts were made up almost exclusively by them. An indispensable and beautiful book. If you never read it or read it and you didn’t like it, I propose to give you a second chance. They won’t regret it.
Eduardo Gutiérrez’s novel (published in 1880) tells the story of a gaucho who rebels against the law and the society that marginalizes him (at this point it is very similar to the Martín Fierro, as to get an idea of how unfair society was with the gaucho). Moreira is “avenging” the social inequalities he suffers with a bloodbath. The novel is inspired by a real story, starring the real Juan Moreira, murdered by the police in 1874.
Don Second Shadow
Güiraldes’s novel is a novel published long after the other two (1926), so the conditions of
Hipólito Azema nació en Buenos Aires, en los comienzos de la década del 80. No se sabe desde cuándo, porque esas cosas son difíciles de determinar, le gusta contar historias, pero más le gusta que se las cuenten: quizás por eso transitó los inefables pasillos de la Facultad de Filosofía y Letras de la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Una vez escuchó que donde existe una necesidad nace un derecho y se lo creyó.
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