What is the boundary between witchcraft and the divine miracle? Who has the power to decide which supernatural event falls within the category of the venerable and what is pure superstition? There is, in fact, a group of people who deal with that. It is the Theological Commission of the Congregation for the Cause of Saints , which works in the Vatican . It is they who decide what is miracle and what is not. And, once the miracle is validated, the Pope's recognition comes. The most recent was for the catamarqueño Fray Mamerto Esquiú, who was declared blessed.
Pope Francis decreed the beatification of the catamarqueño friar , after the junta of cardinals recognized a miracle attributed to the intercession of Esquiú, through which the healing took place, scientifically inexplicable, of a girl suffering from osteomyelitis. Now that Mamerto Esquiú is blessed, the ecclesiastical public worship of his figure will be allowed, although limited to certain religious places and families.
His political and social role
Beyond his healings, Fray Mamerto Esquiú had an important political and social role in his time. He was born on May 11, 1826 in San José de Piedra Blanca, Catamarca , and died on January 10, 1883 in La Posta de El Suncho, in the same province. At the age of 10, he entered the convent of San Francisco, where he was later ordained a priest. Throughout his life he had a strong social role , which led him to get involved in political events that were happening in a country that was still in formation.
Esquiú belonged to the Order of the Friars Minor and was appointed Bishop of Cordoba in 1880. In addition, he was a politician and journalist . He induced the realization of the constitution of his province, belonged to the Federal Party and was editor of El Ambato , Catamarca's first newspaper.
The Sermon on the Constitution
Esquiú's political relevance was linked to his burning defense of the National Constitution of 1853. It was then that he gave a recognized sermon in support of the statement.
In a context of Argentine civil wars, for Esquiú, the sanction of the Constitution would once again bring internal peace. However, in order to ensure that peace, it was necessary that the text of the Magna Carta be fixed and immutable for a while, and that it be complied with by all citizens . Then he took the floor:
“Obey, gentlemen, without submission there is no law; without law there is no country, there is no true freedom, there are only passions, disorder, anarchy, dissolution, war...”
The fervor of the auditorium that listened to him was such that he could not finish the sentence. His words were diluted in a big applause from the public. On that day, even the last of Catamarca's officials and notable figures swore the Constitution.
Fray Mamerto Esquiú did miracles , but he was also a man committed to his time and his society. From his place, linked to religion and faith, he contributed much to the development of a country that needed precise direction to end up becoming a nation.
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Licenciada en Comunicación Social y correctora. Nacida y criada en el oeste del conurbano bonaerense. Sagitariana, vegetariana, crossfitera y viajera. Estoy convencida de que, con las palabras, podemos hacer magia. Pasen y lean.