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Suffering, desolation, uncertainty, relief, encounter and new beginnings . Leaving one's home to embark on a trip to another country is never an easy decision. More when there are extreme situations that drive it, such as wars, exiles or poverty . The truth is that Argentina represented a trigger of hope for many families around the world looking for a better life. He's still doing it today. Although it was the people who arrived on local lands hundreds of years ago who won a particular date. Thus, every September 4 is commemorated on Immigrant Day . With parties, memories and anecdotes that represent an undeniable aspect of our culture .
On this same day, but in 1812 , a decree of the First Triumvirate on immigration protection was published. In this way, the national government committed itself to the immediate assistance of all persons arriving from other sides. He would also do with his family members and those who wanted to settle their domicile within national limits. They were also assured of the full use of human rights in society. The only condition required was that they should not disorganize public tranquility and respect the laws in force.
Already with the bases settled, let's take a leap in time and go to our beloved National Constitution of 1853 . Article 25 of which ratified the incentive for the residence of foreigners in the country, which stipulated: “The federal government shall encourage European immigration and may not restrict, limit or tax tax any entry into Argentine territory of foreigners who bring for the purpose of tilling the land, improving industries and introducing and teaching science and arts”.
Then, in 1876 , came the Immigration and Colonization Act responsible for creating the Department of Lands and Colonies . The agency was responsible for monitoring the facilities to be allocated to settlers and to distribute all lots of land orderly. Thanks to this possibility there was a massive migration that opened the doors to endless generations . An instance in which the establishment of Italians and Spaniards prevailed, but also Swiss, French, English and German.
Immigrant Day and its commemoration on September 4 were established in 1949 . It was through Decree No. 21,430 and under the Government of Juan Domingo Perón . There, it is recognized that the Triumvirate document represented a starting point for a government policy that hinges in Argentine history. It also highlights the desirability of paying permanent and public homage to foreign brothers of all ages.
We now know that migratory phenomena have been present in our country almost since its formation as a national state. But what about Misiones and the City of Apostles? It turns out that the latter was the area where the colonizing process began within the province. It was carried out with the settlement of the first nucleus of immigrants , who were mostly engaged in agriculture and yerba production . This is one of Argentina's most emblematic economic resources .
In 1897 , the movement took place following an organized colonization program promoted by the Argentine Government at the time. Therefore, 14 families from Ukraine and Poland mostly settled in the missionary locality with promises of development. Subsequently, they were given an area of between 25 and 50 hectares to each of them.
Later, a report by the Directorate-General for Lands and Colonies of Missions gave revealing data . This determined that the village had at the moment 2,662 inhabitants . Among them were Austro-Hungarians, Argentines, Brazilians, Italians, Germans, French and Paraguayans . From then on, Apostles began a path to progress that made it one of the most significant urban centers in Misiones. In turn, he did so gaining diversity and traditions from those first settlers who found a shelter in their lands .
Publication Date: 04/09/2020
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