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2020 is the year of Manuel Belgrano. For those who like dates, the reason will seem representative: this year marks 250 years of his birth and 200 years of his death . That's why this will be a very special Flag Day .
Manuel José Joaquín del Corazón de Jesús Belgrano was born in Buenos Aires on June 3, 1770. In his adolescence, he traveled to Spain to study Law, and then return to his home city. He was appointed perpetual secretary of the Trade Consulta. In 1810, Belgrano was one of the leaders who promoted the movement that would end with the dismissal of Viceroy Cisneros and the creation of the First Government Board .
Two years later, the time came when I would be remembered forever. In the city of Rosario , on the banks of the Paraná River, it raised for the first time the Argentine flag , even before independence was declared. He had sent her to do with the colors of the cockade that he had also created, to differentiate himself from the troops of the realists.
Manuel Belgrano was military, political, intellectual, economist, a great promoter of education and a real frethinker, obsessed with achieving sovereignty for the Nation. But in that symbolic act is concentrated the essence of what this man, considered one of the founding fathers of the country, represents for the country.
Man of politics and battle, he lived 50 years and contributed much to the gesture of the new nation that was emerging. He died on June 20, 1820 , exactly 200 years ago. That is why, because it is well deserved, today is the Day of the Flag and its passage to immortality.
President Alberto Fernández declared 2020 as the year of General Manuel Belgrano, in tribute to the next 250 years of birth and 200 years of his death. Through Decree 2/2020 , published in the Official Gazette on January 3, 2020 determined 2020 as the “ Year of General Manuel Belgrano ” , highlighting its outstanding public performance in the process that led to the Independence of our country in the context of the struggles for South American emancipation.
The decree says: “For his proven austerity and honesty he sacrificed his own interests in pursuit of the needs of the Fatherland , being therefore considered as one of the most prominent examples of civic virtue among men and men and women women who forged our nation .”
As one of the fundamental figures of Independence , the decree argues that it is especially important for young people throughout the country to remember, from the knowledge of their public performance, who was Manuel Belgrano and what was his work; from which emerges a personality of impeccable integrity and firm patriotic convictions, having been a selfless and tireless worker in the service of the country's progress and the education of its inhabitants.
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Publication Date: 20/06/2020
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