All gaucho clothing is usually called pilcha, a word of indigenous origin that has later become part of lunfardo . The typical gaucho dress has the imprint of the Andalusian riders. To this sum the following elements:
- A poncho (large talar cape or blanket cap with a slit in the center to pass the head)
- A facon (large knife)
- A rebenque or waistband
- Wide pants, called bombachas, held with a belt with a woven woolen sash and a wide leather belt sometimes adorned with coins (called puller)
- A “chiripá”, canvas tied to the waist like a diaper, one of whose functions was to protect from the cold (the cold was often called with the word Quechua of same meaning: “chiri”)
Poncho, like the habit of taking mate , were taken from the “Indian”. For example, from the aborigines het took the gaucho one of his most unique weapons: the boleadora. The horse, chambergo (alar hat) and guitar were inheritance of the Spanish conquistadors.
The gaucho used to ride with the so-called “colt boots”, which did not have heels and were split at the tips, so that the toes were uncovered. Another typical element of gaucho's clothing is its belts. The most conspicuous are called rastras and consist of wide belts of grained white leather, worked with alum.
Source: Meeting Argentina
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