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The Cosquín National Folklore Festival is the most important festival of folk music in Argentina. It takes place every year in the Cordovan town of Cosquín, inviting all its attendees to tour the mountains of the province. Since this city is located in the tourist Punilla Valley which boasts thousands of amazing natural attractions and panoramic views.
Its origin is referred to the Novena by the Virgin of the Rosary, who is the patron saint of the city and that is why the Festival lasts nine nights and takes place in the last week of January . Tradition usually refers to the Nine Moons of Cosquín or Nine Coscoin Moons. The stage of this festival, called Atahualpa Yupanqui, is located in the large square Prospero Molina which was declared, in turn, as the National Folklore Square.
This national tradition was born among an enthusiastic group of cosco neighbors who forged what would become the identity of a village: the National Folklore Festival. Its origin occurred in January 1961. The first edition was held between 21 and 29 January on national route 38. The village, thirsty for music, cut it off with a stage of material.
Already in 1963 it was officially instituted by decree of law No. 1547, in the last week of January as National Folklore Week. That was how Cosquín was established as the official venue of the celebration. The call quickly resulted in the presence of renowned artists from all over the country, such as Jaime Dávalos and eastern Aníbal Sampayo and Alberto Lona. This exceeded all expectations and the festival became the most important annual folk event in the country. were performed in an unnamed scenario. But that would change later...
Between the 1960s and 1970s, the Cosquín Festival triggered a “folklore boom”, by reference to the music characteristic of the interior of Argentina. Thus, this town promoted a renewal of popular popular folk music. At that initial time Atahualpa Yupanqui, Ariel Ramirez, Los Chalchaleros, Los Fronterizos, Jorge Cafrune, Alfredo Zitarrosa were highlighted and Mercedes Sosa (presented without the endorsement of the Festival's organization, as it belonged to a list of artists who were censored by the government of the period) and Horacio Guarany, among others. Teresa Parodi who with her “Pedro Canoero” broke into the national scene in 1984 and was blessed with the greatest award: the Consecration of Cosquín.
Six decades have passed since then, six decades where the stage witnessed countless events that marked the destinies of the m& uacute; popular sica argentina.
In the mid-nineties there was the so-called “wave of young folklore” that started Soledad, Los Nocheros, Los Tekis, among others. This new litter also served for the village festival to renew its votes with the genre and populate its grids with innovative proposals. Especially he exerted his influence among young people, who had their correlate throughout Argentina, and marked the trend in Argentine musical taste since then.
Already in 2001 a new stage was built, with a mouth 50 meters long, 6 meters high and 830 m² of surface. The stage is equipped with a set that can rotate 180° to make the succession of artists faster. With this infrastructure, Cosquín has one of the largest scenarios in Latin America. In total, the amphitheatre has a capacity of almost 10,000 spectators, of whom 7,800 remain sitting on the armchairs of the central camp and 2,000 people are located on the two side stands.
The stage is named after Atahualpa Yupanqui , the leading Argentine folklorist and great animator of the festival since its inception, and the square in which it is held is named after Prospero Molina (1827-1889), a man belonging to a historic family in Cosquín who donated the land.
The Atahualpa Yupanqui passed, year after year, delegations from all provinces and even from other Latin American countries. Each with its style and cultural heritage, each represented by renowned folk artists . Among them Los Chalchaleros, Eduardo Falú, Rodolfo Ovejero, Los Hermanos Albarracín, Hilda Ruffo (better known as La Cuyanita), Uruguayan payadors Aramis Orellano and Carlos López and Argentinean Juan García.
This year, new surprises and a renewal in the mode of celebration of this tradition are waiting for us.
Publication Date: 07/02/2021
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