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Here I start to sing

On December 6, the National Gaucho Day is celebrated, in honor of the publication of José Hernández's Martín Fierro. Here I start singing...


Here I start to sing,

at the beat of the vigüela

that the man who reveals it

an extraordinary penalty,

like the lonely bird

with singing is comforted.

José Hernández First stanza of Martín Fierro (1872)

The day   José Hernández   sat down to write the first lines of  El Martín Fierro  , he probably didn't imagine everything that would happen to his book afterwards. The author of the national book of  Argentina  would surely not have been able to measure the importance that his work would have. Nor would it imagine that its publication would define, more than 120 years later, the date of  National  Gaucho Day .

Every  December 6  is celebrated the  National  Gaucho Day  , with the intention of rescuing and spreading the Gauchescas cultural manifestations. The date was formalized in 1993, by Act No. 24303.

 Gaucho Martín Fierro  is a narrative poem, written in verse by José Hernández in 1872. The book has a continuation,  La vuelta de Martín Fierro , written in 1879. It is considered the national book of Argentina and is known under the generic title of  El Martín Fierro . It has hundreds of editions and has been translated into more than 70 languages, including Esperanto and Quichua.

The gaucho of yesterday and today

The origin of   gaucho  is the result of the mixture of two civilizations: the European one and that of the natives of these lands. Gaucho was a person of great respect and word to fulfill, also known for his solidarity: not for nothing we still say:  “Do you make me a gauchada?” 

Today, current  gauchos  continue to wear panties, hat or beret, scarf to the neck, spurs and facon sharpened to the belt. They retain and defend a  tradition  that belongs to them and everyone, because there are few things more representative of  Argentina  than gauchos.

 That's why happy National Gaucho Day for everyone. 

If you want to find out about the festivals scheduled for this day, visit  our agenda .

Publication Date: 06/12/2019

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