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Who can leave during the mandatory quarantine?

An unprecedented situation requires unprecedented action. For the first time in history, Argentines must make mandatory quarantine.
Politics and Economics
| 21 March, 2020 |

Mandatory quarantine. President Alberto Fernández decided to take extreme measures to deal with the crisis in the country and the world, something that happens for the first time in Argentina’s history . Never before, in democracy, have measures of this magnitude been applied, responding to an unprecedented situation: a pandemic that is advancing at unprecedented speeds.

To try to contain the advance of virus, and that the health system does not collapse, the president issued a decree of necessity and urgency , which provided for “social isolation, preventive and compulsory” — in principle — from midnight on 20 March to 31 March inclusive. You can only leave for strictly activities necessary, such as the provision of food and medicines.

Nearby businesses — such as supermarkets, warehouses, pharmacies and hardware stores — remain open, but the security forces control people circulating on the street and corroborate the reasons. Whoever breaks the quarantine and goes out on the street for no valid reason will be subject to sanctions.

However, some activities and services are exempted from the forty because they are considered essential to ensure the supply of food, medicines and fuels, and the functioning of health and safety systems.

In this regard, article 6 of the Decree establishing compulsory quarantine stipulates that the movements of “persons affected by the activities and services declared essential” should “be limited to strict compliance with those activities and services”.

Who are the people reached by this quarantine exception?

  1. Health personnel, security forces, armed forces, migratory activity, national meteorological service, firefighters and air traffic control.
  2. Higher authorities of the national, provincial, municipal and Autonomous City Governments of Buenos Aires, workers of the national, provincial, municipal and public sector of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires who are convened to guarantee essential activities required by the respective authorities.
  3. Staff of the duty justice services, as established by the competent authorities.
  4. Foreign diplomatic and consular personnel accredited to the Argentine Government under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations and the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, and the staff of international bodies accredited to the Argentine Government, the Red Cross and White Helmets.
  5. Persons who need to assist others with disabilities, relatives in need of assistance, elderly people, children and adolescents.
  6. People who must attend to a situation of force majeure.
  7. Persons affected by funeral services, burials and cremation. In this context, no activities involving the gathering of persons are allowed.
  8. Persons affected by the care of school canteens, community canteens and picnic areas.
  9. Staff working in audiovisual, radio and graphic communication services.
  10. Personnel affected by public works.
  11. Wholesale and retail supermarkets, and local retail stores. Pharmacies. Hardware stores. Veterinary. Supply of bottles.
  12. Food industries, their production chain and inputs; personal hygiene and cleaning; medical equipment, medicines, vaccines and other health supplies.
  13. Activities related to agricultural and fishing production, distribution and marketing.
  14. Telecommunication activities, fixed and mobile internet and digital services.
  15. Impostable activities linked to foreign trade.
  16. Collection, transport and treatment of urban solid waste, hazardous and pathogenic.
  17. Maintenance of basic services (water, electricity, gas, communications, etc.) and emergency care. <
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