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It is interesting, or perhaps disturbing, the idea that it is possible to reach political agreements that could lift Argentina out of its decline without having reached previous social consensus.
Argentines live in the 21st century, discussed the twentieth century and longed for what we were in the nineteenth century. That's how confused and divided is our society, while the political leadership only reflects those differences, government after government. In that regard, President Mauricio Macri 's call for a “political agreement” was intended to create a framework of predictability in the midst of a polarized electoral process. The analysis of the ten points proposed by the government leaves no doubt that it is aimed at reassuring international actors while delaying the challenge of drawing a national development path that requires more complex and in-depth discussions.
At first glance some of the points raised seem so obvious that it is incomprehensible that they are under discussion. However, the time chosen by the government to call for an agreement and the way in which the points are expressed suggest that in Casa Rosada they consider it likely to lose the elections and therefore it is necessary to force the rest of the political forces to express their commitment to sustain the policies initiated, or as an electoral strategy to strengthen confrontation with those who do not adhere to the agreement and thus, if they succeed in re-election, to advance the structural reforms needed by the country.
However, the points of this call do not reflect the discussions that occur in society. Let's think, in a little provocative way, of our “glorious Argentina”.
When we debate the economy and want to contrast the current bad moment some people will end up referring to the indicators of the “glorious Argentina” , that of the late nineteenth century, that which was governed by an aristocracy that turned Buenos Aires into the Paris of South America, an Argentina that for the sake of people restricted political rights. That Argentina had a clear insertion into the international economic system and also accompanied the political processes of consolidation of national states of its time.
On the contrary, surely for other people the arrival of the twentieth century implies the effective access of the people to power, marking a historical fact in the beginning of the real process of national development. Now the economy will be at the service of the nation and the welfare of its people, no longer than the elites. The “glorious Argentina” is that of social promotion, that of my son the doctor, that of the dignity of the worker. Moreover, this is a century of ideological demand, supported by political and economic theories developed during the nineteenth and early twentieth century by various intellectuals who avoided understanding the consequences of social changes brought about by the industrial revolution and the arrival of capitalism. Like many other countries, Argentina will be marked by political disputes, but the idea of adopting an alternative development model will slowly decouple it from the group of countries that opened their economies to trade and prospered after the Second World War.
Finally, some will say that “glorious Argentina” is that of the future, the one in which its past is definitively overcome and that it materializes only by blindly adopting the rules of this liberal economy. Where start up's and unicorns abound. This Argentina does not need ideology because postmodernity ran the veil and the system is shown without mysteries. In this context there is no fate of greatness, politics is not needed, it is enough just to reintegrate into the world .
Surely at this time the reader is expressing his agreement or disagreement with any of the points raised above. It seems difficult then to imagine that an agreement between politicians could prosper without the support of a social agreement.
Something seems true, in a historical context where humanity is evolving rapidly, returning to the past cannot be the answer. However, raising a future without learning the lessons of the past or understanding the time in which we live does not seem to be a hopeful path.
Publication Date: 19/05/2019
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