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November 6: National Parks Day.

What important event gave rise to the celebration? What was the first National Park?

News of the Day

The story tells that on November 6, 114 years ago , in 1905, the expert Francisco Moreno gave Argentina three square leagues of his property, equivalent to about 7500 hectares. Located in the vicinity of Laguna Frías and Puerto Blest, west of Lake Nahuel Huapi, the scientist, naturalist, botanist and geographer donated the land to be “consecrated as a natural public park.” 

This was how the primitive nucleus of the national protected areas originated, known as the “Southern National Park”, which 31 years later would be named the Nahuel Huapi National Park. For this initiating reason, every 6 November National Parks Day is celebrated.  

What are National Parks?

They are protected areas that play important roles in the conservation of natural and cultural resources.  Sectors of the continental or marine territory of great value in terms of their biodiversity and scenic beauty where human activities are limited, with legal protection status. Argentina has been a pioneer country in the region and one of the first in the world in the creation of National Parks.

How many protected areas are there in our country? The National Park Administration has 48 protected areas, 46 in mainland and 2 marine areas, divided by regions.

 Northwest Region: 

Baritu National Park (Salta), El Nogalar de Los Toldos National Reserve (Santa Victoria Salta), Laguna de los Pozuelos Natural Monument (Jujuy) Calilegua National Park (Jujuy), Pizarro National Reserve (Anta, Salta), El Rey National Park (Salta), Los Cardones National Park (Cachi, Salta), Aconquija National Park (Tucumán) , Copo National Park (Pampa de los Guanacos, Santiago del Estero), Formosa Nature Reserve (Formosa).

 Northeast Region: 

Chaco National Park (Chaco), Colonia Benitez (Chaco) Educational Nature Reserve, El Impenetrable National Park (Chaco), Iguazu National Park (Puerto Iguazu, Misiones), Iberá National Park (Corrientes), Mburucuyá National Park (Mburucuyá, Corrientes), Rio Pilcomayo National Park (Formosa) , San Antonio Strict Nature Reserve (Misiones).

 Centro Region 

El Leoncito National Park (Calingasta, San Juan), Traslasierra National Park (Cordoba), Quebrada del Condorito National Park (Cordoba), San Guillermo National Park (San Juan), Sierra de las Quijadas National Park (San Luis), Talampaya National Park (La Rioja).

 Central East Region 

Campos del Tuyú National Park (General Lavalle, Buenos Aires), El Palmar National Park (Entre Rios), Santa Fe Islands National Park (Santa Fe), Pre-Delta National Park (Diamante, Entre Rios), Ciervo de los Pantanos National Park (Buenos Aires)

 Patagonia Region 

Lago Puelo National Park (Chubut), Laguna Blanca National Park (Neuquén), Lanín National Park (Neuquén), Lihué Calel National Park (La Pampa), Los Arrayanes National Park (Neuquén), Los Alerces National Park (Chubut), Nahuel Huapi National Park (Neuquén and Rio) Black), Coastal Marine Interjurisdictional Park Southern Patagonia (Chubut)

 Southern Patagonia Region 

Petrified Forest of Jaramillo National Park (Jaramillo, Santa Cruz), Isla de los Estados Silvestre Nature Reserve (Tierra del Fuego), Isla Penguino Marine Interjurisdictional Park (Santa Cruz), Los Glaciares National Park (Santa Cruz), Monte León National Park (Santa Cruz), Makenke Marine Interjurisdictional Park ( Santa Cruz), Patagonia National Park (Santa Cruz), Perito Moreno National Park (Santa Cruz), Tierra del Fuego National Park (Tierra del Fuego)

 Marine National Parks 

Namuncurá — Burdwood Bank I (Argentina Exclusive Economic Zone), Yaganes and Banco Burdwood II.

 The history of Argentina's best-known National Parks 

Some of the National Parks are usually chosen as tourist destinations and visited by a large number of Argentine and foreign tourists. These are the best known:

  1.  Nahuel Huapi: The first National Park in the country. Its origin dates back to 1903. It is a refuge of nature and culture and a meeting place for Creole inhabitants, Mapuche communities, neighbors and tourists. The 717,261 hectares cover the provinces of Neuquén and Río Negro and coexist with cities such as San Carlos de Bariloche and Villa La Angostura
  2.  Los Cardones: Created in November 1996 in the department of Cachi, central west of the province of Salta. It covers an area of 64,117 hectares that house environments in the Altos Andes, Puna, Monte de Sierras y Bolsones and Yungas ecoregions.
  3.  El Impenetrable: Created in 2014 and inaugurated in August 2017. It is located in the north of the province of Chaco. The good state of conservation of its flora and fauna, in its 130,000 hectares approx., make it an important tourist attraction in northeastern Argentina.
  4.  Iguazu: Located near Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, it has an area of 67,620 hectares. It was designated World Heritage Site by Unesco in 1984. Iguazu Falls, one of the new Wonders of the World, have Exceptional Universal Value, according to Unesco. The first owner of these lands, Gregorio Lezama, sold them in a public auction as they were of little value. His next owner, Domingo Ayarragaray, partially promoted him, placing a hotel and roads so that visitors could see the jumps and exploded the logging treasure of the place. It was then acquired by the government of President Hipólito Yrigoyen and declared a National Park on October 9, 1934.
  5.  Talampaya: Located on the west center of the province of La Rioja, created on July 10, 1997, has an area of 213,800 hectares. In 2000, UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) declared a World Heritage Site, the area composed of Talampaya National Park and the Ischigualasto Provincial Park, calling them Ischigualasto /Talampaya Natural Parks.
  6.  El Palmar: Created on January 28, 1966, is located in the southeast of the province of Entre Ríos, with an area of 8,213 hectares. In the area were found 1000 years old settlements, which correspond to the culture that gave rise to groups of hunters called yaros. Subsequently they merged with charrúas groups.
  7.  Lake Puelo: S u name derives from the Mapuche voices puel (east) and co (water). It is located in the province of Chubut and has an area of 27,674 hectares. In 1937, the Argentine State declared several Andeinopathagonistic areas as reserves for national parks. Among them was Los Alerces (Chubut) in the Province of Chubut, which had an annex located approximately 115 km to the north. In 1971 the status of National Park was granted to, until then, Anexo Puelo.
  8.  Lanín: It is located in the south of the province of Neuquén with an area of 412.013 hectares.
  9.  Los Arrayanes:It comprises the Quetrihué Peninsula, within Lake Nahuel Huapi, south of the Province of Neuquén. It has an area of 1,796 hectares. The Quetrihué Peninsula integrated the Nahuel Huapi National Park since the creation of the same. Then it is considered convenient to assign it the character of Park.
  10.  Los Alerces: It is located in the west of the province of Chubut, with an area of 259,570 hectares. On July 7, 2017 UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) declared a World Heritage Site 188,379 hectares of Los Alerces National Park, of which more than seven thousand protect Millennium Forests of Larch with specimens reaching 2,600 years of existence.
  11.  Los Glaciares: It covers an area of 726,927 hectares in the southwest of the province of Santa Cruz. It was created to preserve an extensive area of continental ice and glaciers, the southern Andean-Patagonian forest and samples of the Patagonian steppe.
  12.  Perito Moreno: Located in the central west of the province of Santa Cruz, it has an area of 141,830 hectares.   **In 1937 the Argentine State declared several andeinopathagonistic areas as Reserves for National Parks. Among them were the areas of Lanín, Los Alerces, Los Glaciares and Perito Moreno which were designated National Parks in 1945.
  13.  Tierra del Fuego National Park: Created in 1960, it is located on the southwestern tip of Tierra del Fuego Island, on the Beagle Channel and close to the city of Ushuaia. Preserve about 70,000 hectares of Patagonian Forests that invite you to enjoy hikes in contact with unspoilt nature

Publication Date: 06/11/2018

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