January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days left to end the year and 365 days left in the leap years. In the Julian calendar it began to be the first day of the year in 153 BC. C.
During the Middle Ages, under the influence of the Catholic Church, many Western European countries decided to transfer the beginning of the year to one of several important Christian holidays: December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. The Byzantine Empire began the year on September 1.
In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year's festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady's Day). Thus, for example, the parliamentary register states that the execution of Charles I occurred on January 30, 1648 (since the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the beginning of the year to January 1 and record execution as if it occurred in 1649.
Most Western European countries changed the beginning of the year to 1 January before adopting the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the beginning of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the beginning of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Law of 1750.
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