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The persecuted payer

31 January 1908: Birth of Atahualpa Yupanqui

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Atahualpa Yupanqui

It happens in more than one opportunity that those who  represent  us most as Argentines have had complicated relations with the country. areas end their days away from the land that saw them born, exiled, outlawed or simply disillusioned. Maybe that's the case of Atahualpa Yupanqui.

Exile, comings and goings

Persecuted, tortured, censored and imprisoned for Peronism, in 1950 he stalled in Uruguay before leaving for Paris, where he took Argentine  folklore  where he had never arrived. He even managed to share the stage with Edith Piaf herself.

He returned to the country in 1956, and the Liberating Revolution—which had overthrown Perón—continued persecution for his affiliation with the Communist Party. Atahualpa returned to the bags and returned to France. He returned periodically to Argentina, but never again definitively.

He was born on January 31, 1908 in Pergamino, Buenos Aires province, into a humble family of field workers. She made guitar her best friend and folklore her raison d'être. He lived in a wandering exile. He dazzled Paris. He loved Argentina in the distance. He died on May 23, 1992 in Nimes, France. Then he could definitely return: today his ashes rest at the foot of an oak tree in Cerro Colorado,  Cordoba , and his songs continue to blow in the wind.

A book dedicated to bringing light on the militant stage of Atahualpa Yupanqui

“Men and roads. Yupanqui, communist affiliate” was a book edited by the Ross Foundation editorial. Little is known about the stage of the  payador  's life linked to political militancy, or what is known is somewhat erratic. For those interested in history, you can find in this book one more look. We transcribe below some of the data dumped in the book.

“Saturday, September 1, 1945 can be established as the reliable date of Atahualpa's formal entry into the Communist Party. On that day, an event was held in Luna Park to celebrate the legalization of the organization after fifteen years of proscription.

Five days later, on September 5, the weekly “Orientación” (No. 302, page 5) under the title “Intellectuals Entering the Party” states:

 “ Emilio Troise, Jorge Thenon and Julio Luis Peluffo, Bartolomé Mirabelli, Atahualpa Yupanqui and Manuel Cantor have joined the communist militancy. If auspicious for the national democratic effort, this position of men of Argentine intelligence and art, born out of the full understanding of their duty towards social fact, is a sign of an attitude and time of a process.  

 Prominent exponents of Argentine thought and art consecrate a meritorious behavior, insistently committed to democratic efforts, occupying the honourable vanguard position granted by communist militancy” 

The same partisan weekly, in its edition of Wednesday, 14 July 1948, publishes:

 “ I know that communism can achieve the affirmation of man and popular conscience in order to live without myths, in the face of the reality of the earth and the future of the country, a laborious and dignified existence. The intellectual and artistic creation must respond to a new meaning, of raised hope. For these reasons, I have joined the Communist Party. To improve myself as an American artist and to make my effort in the good of my homeland.”    That was what comrade Atahualpa Yupanqui founded his entry into our party three years ago. Orientation tells you today among his regular collaborators and weekly will give us his account of things and events in this section that Atahualpa so aptly titled “Hombres y Caminos”.

Atahualpa's emergence into communism is unprecedented, different, and in this sense, his contribution is valuable, substantial, extraordinary. The internationalist party, with a Europeanized and urban tone, is suddenly vitalized by a telluric burst that opens it to the Argentine interior and relates it to the peasant masses of flesh and blood. Deep America is incorporated into its pages, which dealt only with the “working class” in general, as well as an entelechia without a handle; and the Second World War, or, before, the Spanish Civil War. The industrial proletariat, the central objective of communist struggles, was nothing more than an abstract entity in our neo-colonial factory. He now has the opportunity to abandon the European “results” that occupied Marx and acquire concrete significance. His creole face arises, human and suffered.

Publication Date: 18/04/2018

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