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Glossary of sexual diversity

Words can be used to discriminate or label, but also to open new horizons and fight discrimination.

We share part of the manual on good communication practices on sexual diversity developed by INADI.

Despite legislative advances, discrimination linked to issues of sexual orientation and gender identity is anchored in society and is manifested in physical, symbolic and ordinary violence in colloquial language. Bearing in mind that the media is one of the main areas for reproduction of discriminatory senses and the construction of stereotypes, the National Institute against Discrimination, Xenophobia and Racism (INADI) developed an Inclusive Communication Manual, aimed at communicators, which aims to promote, from a place of professional respect, the participation of journalists in the construction of a society more egalitarian and respectful of diversity.

“ Issues related to sexual diversity account for 30 per cent of the complaints received by INADI. The highest percentage per year are complaints about disability,” they share from the agency.

 We share some terms of the Inclusive Communication Manual 

 Gender: Refers to the binary classification between male and female. A classification that is now relativized to the extent that it is recognized that aspects constituting the biological and anatomical sex of a living being (chromosomes, hormones, gonads, internal sexual structures and genitality) are given in a different way; and, on the other hand, they are perceived according to category.cultural and cultural activities.

 Gender: A system of norms that determines how a male and a woman should behave to be perceived as differentiated individuals, according to the sex assigned at birth. This includes the roles, customs, clothing and language through which masculinity and femininity are depicted in a certain culture. Due to their social and cultural status, the attributions of gender are variable according to the historical context (...).

 Sexual orientation: Stable attraction — sexual, erotic or affective — by males, females or both genders. It is also linked to the identity that is formed from this attraction and the patterns of behavior and relationship that are established between people who share the same sexual orientation. If this attraction is aimed at people of a different gender or equal to one's own, we talk about heterosexuality and homosexuality. If the desire of a person, on the other hand, includes both genders, his orientation is bisexual.

 Gender identity: Perception that a person has of his or her own gender and of himself, beyond the biological sex assigned to him at birth. It is not, therefore, of the order of the biological, but is formed from social, psychological and cultural components. Everyone has the right to express the gender identity they feel and assume as their own, whether male or female. The identity process can be dynamic and have variations during life.

 LGBTI: Initials that designate lesbian, gay, trans, bisexual, and intersex people, and identify the movement of sexual diversity. Each of the identities is named to make them visible, therefore, it is an acronym that varies as new diverse sexual identities emerge.

 Heteronormativity: System of norms that presents heterosexuality as a valid and unique model of sexual, affective and kinship relationship.

 Trans or transgender (s): Generic terms covering transvestite, transgender, and transgender persons. They therefore express the set of identities of those who develop, feel and express a gender identity different from the sex assigned to them at birth. In some cases, their identities do not correspond to the male and female genders expressed or perceived in conventional terms.

 Transvestite: A term that designates people who were assigned masculine at birth, but who perceive and manifest their gender identity through expressions of femininity that may include certain body modifications (hormonal treatments, prostheses, silicones, etc.), in general, without surgical genital readjustment.

 Transsexual: Designates those people who, at birth, were assigned a sex that does not coincide with the self-perceived and expressed gender, with which they identify. In addition, it is used to refer to body construction of gender identity and expression (whether female or male) through hormonal and/or surgical treatments.

 Cisgender: Person whose gender identity corresponds to the sex assigned at birth. Cis is used as an antonym of the trans prefix.

 Intersex, intersex or intersex: Persons whose sexuated bodies (chromosomes, reproductive and/or genital organs) are not anatomically framed within the sexual and generic patterns that constitute the male-female dichotomous model (traditionally referred to or referred to as hermaphrodites, a term that today is discouraged for having a pejorative burden). Intersexuality is not a pathology, but a condition of physical non-conformity with culturally defined criteria of body normality.

You can see it complete  here 


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