The logic said that if capital benefited from gains gains, employees too. However, this did not always turn out to be the case. Then began to appear “claims societies”, “associations for improvements in payment and working conditions”. The mutual supplanted guilds, banned during much of the 19th century. The trade unions, on the other hand, had hardly been born as an alternative by 1825.
England spread the idea of mutualism throughout the world and finally, the movements that glimpsed the new century saw also the possibility of re-union. The original aim was to ensure the working conditions and earnings of the workers.
To the advances of this movement in the world, it was called them “social”. They weren’t always virtuous. However, the relationship between the universe of workers and the , found among its representatives the interlocutors of the large masses that depended on their development. The first manifestations that the workers were the Mutual.
2020 Legal encyclopedia, Widely Disseminated Legal Dictionary of Law , explains about trade unions:
A trade union is a stable and permanent association of workers for the representation, defence and promotion of their economic and social interests, with legal personality and capacity to act. Four are its characteristic notes:
1st) Association with a vocation of permanence andformalorganization, stable and independent.
2. Established and composed exclusively and exclusively by employed persons, including civil servants. Although, according to our legislation, self-employed non-employers, unemployed, pensioners and retirees may join trade union organizations (art. 3.1 L.O.L.S.).
3) It aims at collective self-protection of the general interests of wage labour – living and working conditions – vis-à-vis employers, their organizations and public authorities. These interests are professional, social, economic and even political.
“ The process derived in the conformation of an antagonistic paradigm with a profound impact on the definition of the political culture of Argentinians”, explains Marcela García Sebastiani.
If the important thing was to elucidate here whether Peronism would turn out to be the main actor in this antinomy, Sebastiani concludes that, “in addition to Perón and his power environment, there were other actors who gave meaning to the political life of Argentina.” Radicals, socialists, trade unionists and many Sergio es un autor e historiador argentino que revisa los movimientos segregacionistas a través de la historia. Ha publicado entre otros libros, Los Escribas de Dios, Los Músicos de Dios, Breve Historia del Mundo y Mitos a Medias. Actualmente es docente de Pensamiento del Siglo XX en la Dirección de Cultura de la Universidad de Belgrano y escribe para Ediciones Fortnel.
Sergio es un autor e historiador argentino que revisa los movimientos segregacionistas a través de la historia. Ha publicado entre otros libros, Los Escribas de Dios, Los Músicos de Dios, Breve Historia del Mundo y Mitos a Medias. Actualmente es docente de Pensamiento del Siglo XX en la Dirección de Cultura de la Universidad de Belgrano y escribe para Ediciones Fortnel.
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