The Turk, the Russian and the Tano: Part III
Naples is a city in the shadow of an untamed volcano called Vesuvius. A large part of the population in that area, actually come from very ancient peoples, who already lived in the Italic Peninsula before the descendants of Romulus (according to tells the legend), will build the omnipresent Roman Empire. With its achievements, civilization had brought a new way of life to the entire Mediterranean Basin. Even beyond, both towards East and west. Europe and its culture, would not have developed in the same way without the presence of the Romans.
But Naples, at the time of the founding of Rome, already had its own character. It had been a center of attraction for the Greeks of the time before Alexanderthe Great. It was a nerve point, located on the northern border of Magna Grecia in Italy, which was given the name NEA-polis– the New City.
The Neapolitans, despite this direct association that unites them to the classic past, founded many other major cities. All of them would be significant from the first centuries after the birth of Christ.
The well-known Pompeii, close to the gulf, ended up being one of the most populous centers of the region around the year 70. It was a summer villa where the rich of Rome were going to spend long periods. There was also a village of habitation which tragically ended with the eruption of Vesuvius in 79.
Although no one knew of Pompeii between his disappearance and his rediscovery on 23 March 1748, today it constitutes a fundamental reference when talking about the populations that were generated around the center of influence of Naples. Its astonishing remains, as frozen in time, remain in the shadow of the same geological titan that buried her.The
truth is that the Neapolitans developed with the same firmness and determination for two millennia without giving up. Obviously, despite that innate resilience that characterizes them, the city had, like other major cities in the world, profound moments of crisis.
One of those unfortunate periods, is related to the invasion of Italy Central, which bothered the normal progress of the entire region. Installation of the Spanish Bourbon in the throne of the so-called “Two Sicilies”, opposed many revolutionaries who were waiting for Italian unification.
The Monarchy in the area, is located at middle of the nineteenth century. It was then that a great migration began without precedents throughout the history of the country. The independentist Neapolitans began to leave their ancient city and for the first time they sought their destination far away, in other ports.
Different places became the favorite of these unexpectedmigrants . However, most ended up being beyond the sea and the ocean, in America, both in the United Statesand in Argentina, especially in Buenos Aires.
Sergio es un autor e historiador argentino que revisa los movimientos segregacionistas a través de la historia. Ha publicado entre otros libros, Los Escribas de Dios, Los Músicos de Dios, Breve Historia del Mundo y Mitos a Medias. Actualmente es docente de Pensamiento del Siglo XX en la Dirección de Cultura de la Universidad de Belgrano y escribe para Ediciones Fortnel.
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