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Naples is a city that is located in the shadow of an untamed volcano, called Vesuvius . Much of the inhabitants of that area actually come from very ancient villages, who already lived on the Italic Peninsula before the descendants of Romulus (according to legend), built the ubiquitous Roman Empire . With its achievements, civilization had brought a new way of life to the entire Mediterranean Basin. Even further, both east and west. Europe and its culture, would not have developed in the same way without the presence of the Romans.
But Naples , at the time of the founding of Rome , already had its own character. It had been a center of attraction for the Greeks of the time before Alexander the Great. It was a nerve point, located on the northern limit of Magna Greece in Italy , to which was given the name of Nea-polis - the New City .
Neapolitans , despite this direct association that unites them to the classical past, founded many other important cities. All of them would be significant from the first centuries after Christ's birth.
The well-known Pompeii , near the gulf, ended up being one of the most populous centers in the region around 70. It was a summer village where the rich of Rome were going to spend long seasons. There was also a permanent dwelling village, which tragically ended with the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 .
Although no one knew about Pompeii between its disappearance and rediscovery on March 23, 1748, it is today a fundamental reference when it comes to talking about the populations that were generated around the center of influence of Naples . Her amazing remains, like frozen in time, are still in the shadow of the same geological titan that buried her.
The truth is that Neapolitans developed with the same firmness and determination for two millennia without giving up. Obviously, despite the innate capacity of resilience that characterizes them , the city had, like other important cities in the world, deep moments of crisis.
One such unfortunate period is related to the invasion of Central Italy , which bothered the normal progress of the entire region. The installation of the Spanish Bourbons on the throne of the so-called “ Two Sicilies ”, contradicted many revolutionaries who were waiting for Italian unification .
The Bourbon monarchy in the area, is located in the middle of the 19th century. It was then that an unprecedented great migration began throughout the history of the country. Neapolitans pro-independence began to leave their ancient city and for the first time sought their destination far, in other ports.
Different places became the favorites of these unexpected migrants . However, most ended up being beyond the sea and ocean, in America , both in the United States and Argentina , especially in Buenos Aires .
In those years, between 1850 and 1914, Neapolitan immigration was very significant. The Rio de la Plata ended up being a natural destination for those who fled from future crisis. The two world wars of the last century and fascism ended up becoming other of the two major factors of dispersion.
For this very concrete reason (because of the constant flow of Neapolitans to our region), long before 1920 there came to be in Argentina an identification of all Italians with immigrants arriving from Naples . This cause caused the contraction of the “ Neapolitan ” Gentilician to end up becoming the local use by which he would end up getting to know the Italians. “ Tano ”, in conclusion, comes from the contraction of the italic “ Napoletano ”.
The truth is that there were many millions of other Italians who arrived in the country, and the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte had pauperized them in 1814. The differences between unitary and federal (so similar to those suffered in Argentina) caused numerous exiles. Many saw in the Pope the king of Italy and others saw Victorio Emanuel II . The Austrian invasion caused damage and the idea of a country did not come to consolidate.
By then, so many Italians from Lombardy, Piedmont, Sicily and Calabria had settled in Argentina , which their genetic trail reaches 50% of the inhabitants of the current existing population. At least 24,000,000 Argentines are supposed to have some Italian blood, whether from a mother, father or some generational ancestor. This means that immigration can be established as the second most profuse migratory component in our population. First, there would be the Hispanic cultural and genetic trail.
The truth is that the “ tano ” of the popular tradition Rioplatense, one day ceased to be exclusively “ the Neapolitan ” and became all Italians .
Publication Date: 02/02/2020
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