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The Mutuals

Long before the advent of the 20th century, the Workers' Movement had already developed its own political scaffolding.


During the last years of the nineteenth century, ideas social classes were installed in the local policy. The existence of intense contact with European immigration would open the way to innovation, which was based on the masses of wage earners. The workers and the new workforce emerging from modern conflicts, ended up with have their own place.

Many were the “declassians” whoemerged from theConquest of the Desert. Proscribed in their place of origin, a large number of towns in the plains of Buenos Aires and Patagoniaserved as pawns and workers around of the cities. Seeking progress in the agricultural sector (more widespread than others), Argentina joined the last stage of the Industrial Revolution. Factories were located on the outskirts of large cities helping to develop neighborhoods and settlements around them that were not always planned. The so-called “peonade” arose, no doubt, from the need for labor. However it also generated claims that even in their time were already very old as the unions, which quickly found their space.

Secure the mutualist statutes:

“ The cooperative and mutual branches are branches of the same trunk. The origin of these associations is clearly popular, it is the men who created these institutions, adopting one or the other scheme according to the circumstances and objectives to be achieved but with the same aim of improving their economic and working conditions thus promoting positive social action. If we ask what is proposed cooperativism we would respond immediately: to develop democracy, raise the dignity, responsibility and conscience of human beings, support freedom, promote education, make wealth more equitable. He mutualism pursues the same goals within the field of services that are traditional and new ones that respond to the needs of the Hold on. Cooperativism is production and mutualism is foresight.”

Similarities and Differences.

“ The Doctrine and the Principles governing it are similar. Both have character social and have achieved a high degree of development in the economies of the countries. They are entities that bring to the social and economic sphere the idea of democracy and practice it in their purest conception. The great masters of mutualism and of cooperativism have stated that these systems also coincide in the respect for individual freedom. The defense of private property. The rejection of any collectivist system that seeks to break the free will of men. The needs of order economic, cultural, social, recreational, tourism, provisional, credit, housing, consumption, transport, production, services etc., have solution effective when man groups together with his fellow men in order to build a brotherhood under the sign of progress; and it is in this sense that the cooperative and mutual organizations. From its structures emerges a high level of well-being collective and a luminous order of things, which drive away the unbridled ends of profit; solving big social problems, in an organization of people at the service of people. Where the interests of all, and of each partner, are a single issue and in which the most precious heritage of the institution is the associate. Doing so doesn't cost money, it's free.”

(Documentation taken from La Falda, Cuadernillos de cooperativismo y mutualismo — Ministerio de Educación, Có

Publication Date: 10/08/2020

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