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The mighty Lautaro Lodge

San Martín founded a secret group in Buenos Aires. - Why? - Why? What were your true intentions?


The armed uprising against Mariano Moreno's followers had very complex consequences.  The  First Patriotic Government did not last long . In December of the same year of the revolution, a broader system called  Junta   Grande  was established.  Then, after the military uprising of Cornelio Saavedra and  Martín Rodríguez,  after a new call for elections, the  First   Triumvirate  . Chiclana, Sarratea and Paso would be in front. But he would be a very good friend of Rodríguez, named  Bernardino   Rivadavia  , who determined the immediate fate of the region. Named Secretary of War, the action of the new system of government depended on his strategies to survive.

Hidden messengers of the  May Revolution  brought this news to Spain.  José de San Martín  lived in Cadiz since he was 12 years old. Already older and thanks to those hidden messengers, he knew how the events had occurred between 1810 and 1811. The following year, it would be crucial for  Saint Martin.He undertook his return to the Río de la Plata , bringing with him an unexpected baggage .  The decision was not easy. It should be remembered that the Junta de Cádiz still considered that America belonged to  Ferdinand VII . Because of this detail, it was not Don   José de San Martín   the only interested in the situation that the continent was going through. An alliance between prestigious Creole military was born in Europe. Its influence spread in this part of the world from Venezuela to the Río de la Plata and from Chuquisaca to Santiago de Chile. Among all they formed what was called a  loggia,  which secretly founded the foundations of who we are.

Intellectuals were the first to take this ancient form of grouping themselves into complex  secret   orders  . The army also, although evoking the legendary fame of the  orders of   knights  that were founded in the 12th century. Then  lodges  based on very diverse ideals would appear. Don José de San Martín, back in 1810, qualified to enter Cadiz to the  Grand Lodge of the Rational Knights,  which exactly imitated medieval orders. Created in 1798 by  Francisco   de   Miranda  , Lenipotentiary Dictator and Supreme Head of the Venezuelan States, formed an alternative military group to Freemasonry.  It was exclusively founded to rid South America of Spanish colonialism.  

Its members, through a hard work of espionage, learned that   Ferdinand VII   expected to be released. The French had let him know that they were not planning to execute him because his sister Josephine Carlota would deliver a large ransom. The members of the Grand Lodge of Knights deduced that Ferdinand, once free, would take revenge and his reign would become a  despotic autocracy . Therefore they had to banish the viceroys who cared for their transatlantic colonies.

Some of the representatives of these Rational Knights deeply admired Emperor   Napoleon  . Others, such as  Saint Martin , were more likely to encourage the development of republics by still drawing inspiration from the  French Revolution . Therefore, when the half-continent liberator departed from Cadiz, he passed through London in order to meet his Lodge Superiors and lay down the bases of the South American Independence War there.

Once instructed, he landed at the port of Buenos Aires. He did not come alone: he was accompanied by a group of South American military  brothers from the Central Lodge,  who had also been trained in the Spanish army. Without knowing his intentions, the First Triumvirate opened the doors and supported him when founding the Regiment of Horse Grenadiers. But in his mind he hoped to apply the hermetic instructions of the group to which he belonged. He was to establish, without delay, the local headquarters of the Rational Knights. The new group was then called “ Logia   Lautaro  ”. Carlos María de Alvear, intellectual partner of  San Martín , was the one who proposed the name of  Lautaro  to define the group responsible for liberating this part of America.

 Lautaro  was an Aboriginal chieftain who fought against the Spaniards in Chile. His story ended up being very famous in the colony. It clearly illustrated the struggle against the empire.

As soon as St. Martin accomplished his task, he focused all his forces on paving the way for freedom. But there was someone who was going to oppose the intentions of  the   Lautaro  . Nothing less than  Bernardino Rivadavia , the Secretary of War of the overthrown First Triumvirate. Many revisionist authors saw him as representing the interests of those who had participated in the uprising against the  Morenists  in 1811.

It is easy to deduce that it was not in Saint Martin's intention to ally with Rivadavia, but neither did the devastated  Morenists  turn out to be within his group.  Sanmartinian thinking  would include instances that overcome pre-existing conflicts and would go beyond any sectoral interest. To that end, the Liberator gathered the most pomegranate of his  lodge  and overthrew the enviciated Triumvirate that remained in power with very low popularity rates.

 Rivadavia   was sentenced to leave Buenos Aires  . Since then he pointed to  Alvear  and especially  San   Martín  as the mentors of a nefarious blow against America's future.

 To  Bartholomew himself Mitre  , author of three volumes about the life of the Liberator San Martín, found it a titanic task for him to reconcile his figure with that of Rivadavia.   These historic books, published at the end of the 19th century by the publisher Felix Lajouane at the Mouillot printing house in Paris, were part of the  Argentine Myth that the authors Romantics  tried to leave the generations that succeeded them.

Sixty years after Mitre's death, the  revisionist   movement  would understand that it was necessary to purge many of the compilations published until then, prone to subjective opinions and extreme idealization of characters and circumstances. Naked from the ideology represented by  romantic   thinkers  , they then began to see the past in a more critical way. The research did the rest, even creating different intellectual and political currents.

Meanwhile, a new antinomy was emerging. These two gigantic heroes revealed their differences only thanks to the meticulous work of the  revisionists . But was it logical that Rivadavia and St. Martin were “intimate enemies”?

New researchers put the magnifying glass on the deep disagreements that kept these men from 1812 on opposing sides. At the same time, the  Lautaro   Lodge  showed the immense power that it held. He overthrew an entire government almost without opposition. It happens that 1812 was not a simple year. There were so many aspirants to power that society was confused. Who to support? Who to follow? A mysterious question quickly took shape within the bosom of patrician families:  did Saint Martin seek to sentence the United Provinces to a perpetual dictatorship of the Lautaro, or was it really in his plans to help create a new republic? 

Publication Date: 02/06/2019

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By: JO 02 June, 2019


By: carlos moran 02 June, 2019

Sumamente interesante

By: Juanpi 21 April, 2020

En respuesta a

Quiero saber ¿en que acontecimientos politicos tuvo una intervencion directa?

By: Maribel 02 June, 2019

Profesor Prudencstein. Ignoraba que la Logia Lautaro fuera una sucursal de los Caballeros Racionales. Ahora tiene sentido!!!!!! Gracias!!!!!!!!

By: JO 02 June, 2019

nunca, nunca, nunca, nunca me interesó la historia argentina. Mi eterno agradecimiento al profesor por hacerme entrar en la historia de nuestro querido país. Ahora espero los domingos para enterarme de todo. AHORA ME GUSTA LA HISTORIA!!!!!!!! GRACIAS GRACIAS GRACIAS

By: Jony 02 June, 2019

Mi agradecimiento. Ya lo dijeron Jo, Maribel y todos los lectores. Gracias Prudencstein. Forma parte de nuestras mañanas!!!!!!!!

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