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The armed uprising against Mariano Moreno's followers had very complex consequences. The First Patriotic Government lasted shortly . In December of the same year as the revolution, a larger system called the Big Junta was established. After the military uprising of Cornelio Saavedra and Martín Rodríguez, following a new call for elections, he established himself as executive First Triumvirate . Chiclana, Sarratea and Paso would be in front. But he would be a very good friend of Rodriguez, named Bernardino Rivadavia , who determined the immediate fate of the region. Named Secretary of War, the action of the new system of government depended on his strategies to survive.
Hidden messengers from the May Revolution brought this news to Spain. José de San Martín lived in Cadiz since he was 12 years old. Already older and thanks to those hidden messengers, he knew how the events had taken place between 1810 and 1811. The following year, it would be crucial for Saint Martin. He began his return to the Rio de la Plata bringing with him an unexpected baggage. The decision wasn't easy. It should be remembered that the Junta de Cádiz still considered that America belonged to Fernando VII . Because of this detail, Don José de San Martín was not the only one interested in the situation that was going through the continent. An alliance between prestigious Creole soldiers, was born in Europe. His influence spread in this part of the world from Venezuela to the Rio de la Plata and from Chuquisaca to Santiago de Chile. Among all they formed what was called a lodge, which secretly founded the foundations of who we are.
Intellectuals were the first to take this ancient form of grouping into complex secret orders . The army also, although evoking the legendary fame of the orders of knights that were founded in the 12th century. Then loggias would appear based on very diverse ideals. Don José de San Martín, back in 1810, qualified to enter Cadiz the Grand Lodge of the Rational Knights, which precisely imitated medieval orders. Created in 1798 by Francisco de Miranda , Lenipotentiary Dictator and Supreme Chief of the Venezuelan States, it constituted an alternative military group to Freemasonry. It was exclusively founded to rid South America of Spanish colonialism.
Its members, through hard work of espionage, knew that Fernando VII expected to be released. The French had let him know that they did not plan to execute him because his sister Josefina Carlota would deliver a large ransom. The members of the Grand Lodge of Caballeros deduced that Ferdinand, once free, would take revenge and his reign would become a despotic autocracy . Therefore they were to banish the viceroys who took care of their transatlantic colonies.
Some of the representatives of these Rational Knights deeply admired the Emperor Napoleon . Others, such as San Martín , were more likely to encourage the development of republics while still inspired by the French Revolution . Therefore, when the liberator of half the continent left Cádiz, he passed through London in order to meet his Superiors of Lodge and lay there the foundations of the South American War of Independence.
Once instructed, he landed in the port of Buenos Aires. He was not alone: he was accompanied by a group of South American military brothers from the Central Lodge, who had also formed in the Spanish army. Without knowing his intentions, the First Triumvirate opened his doors and supported him in founding the Regiment of Grenadiers on Horseback. But in his mind he hoped to apply the airtight instructions of the group to which he belonged. He had to found the local headquarters of the Rational Knights without delay. The new group was then called “ Logia Lautaro ”. Carlos María de Alvear, intellectual partner of San Martín , proposed the name Lautaro to define the group responsible for liberating this part of America.
Lautaro was an Aboriginal chieftain who fought against the Spaniards in Chile. His story ended up being very famous in the colony. It clearly illustrated the struggle against the empire.
As soon as Saint Martin carried out his task, he focused all his forces on paving the way to freedom. But there was someone who was going to oppose Lautaro 's intentions. Nothing less than Bernardino Rivadavia , the Secretary of War of the overthrown First Triumvirate. Many revisionist authors saw him as the representative of the interests of those who had participated in the uprising against the Morenists in 1811.
It is easy to deduce that it was not in San Martín's intentions to align with Rivadavia, but neither did the devastated Morenists turn out to be within his group. Sanmartinian thought would include overcoming instances of pre-existing conflicts and go beyond any sectoral interest. For that, the Liberator gathered the most pomegranate of his lodge and overthrew the envited Triumvirate that remained in power with very low popularity rates.
Rivadavia was sentenced to leave Buenos Aires . Since then he pointed to Alvear and especially San Martín as the mentors of a nefarious blow against America's future.
Bartholomew himself Mitre , author of three volumes about the life of Liberator San Martín, was a titanic task to reconcile his figure with that of Rivadavia. These historic books, published in the late nineteenth century by publisher Felix Lajouane at the Mouillot printing house in Paris, were part of the Argentine Myth that the authors Romantics tried to leave the generations who succeeded them.
Sixty years after Mitre's death, the revisionist movement would understand that it was necessary to purge many of the compilations published until then, prone to subjective opinions and extreme idealization of characters and circumstances. Naked from the ideology represented by romantic thinkers , they then began to see the past in a more critical way. The research did the rest, even creating different intellectual and political currents.
In the meantime, a new antinomy was being created. These two gigantic heroes unveiled their differences only and thanks to the painstaking work of the revisionists . But was it logical that Rivadavia and St. Martin were “intimate enemies”?
New researchers put the magnifying glass on the deep disagreements that kept these men located on opposite sides since 1812. In turn, the Logia Lautaro showed precisely in those days the immense power it held. He overthrew almost without opposition to an entire government. It happens that 1812 was not a simple year. There were so many aspirants to power in conflict, that society was confused. Who to support? Who to follow? A mysterious question quickly took shape within the patrician families: was Saint Martin seeking to sentence the United Provinces to a perpetual Lautaro dictatorship or was it really in his plans to help create a new republic?
Publication Date: 02/06/2019
NUNCA SUPE BIEN LA HISTORIA DE LA LAUTARO. GRACIAS SINCERAMENTE POR AMPLIARME EL PANORAMA!!!!!!!!! UN SALUDO PROFESOR
En respuesta a
Quiero saber ¿en que acontecimientos politicos tuvo una intervencion directa?
Profesor Prudencstein. Ignoraba que la Logia Lautaro fuera una sucursal de los Caballeros Racionales. Ahora tiene sentido!!!!!! Gracias!!!!!!!!
nunca, nunca, nunca, nunca me interesó la historia argentina. Mi eterno agradecimiento al profesor por hacerme entrar en la historia de nuestro querido país. Ahora espero los domingos para enterarme de todo. AHORA ME GUSTA LA HISTORIA!!!!!!!! GRACIAS GRACIAS GRACIAS
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