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San Martín founded a secret group in Buenos Aires. - Why? - Why? What were your true intentions?
The armed uprising against Mariano Moreno's followers had very complex consequences. The First Patriotic Government did not last long . In December of the same year of the revolution, a broader system called Junta Grande was established. Then, after the military uprising of Cornelio Saavedra and Martín Rodríguez, after a new call for elections, the First Triumvirate . Chiclana, Sarratea and Paso would be in front. But he would be a very good friend of Rodríguez, named Bernardino Rivadavia , who determined the immediate fate of the region. Named Secretary of War, the action of the new system of government depended on his strategies to survive.
Hidden messengers of the May Revolution brought this news to Spain. José de San Martín lived in Cadiz since he was 12 years old. Already older and thanks to those hidden messengers, he knew how the events had occurred between 1810 and 1811. The following year, it would be crucial for Saint Martin.He undertook his return to the Río de la Plata , bringing with him an unexpected baggage . The decision was not easy. It should be remembered that the Junta de Cádiz still considered that America belonged to Ferdinand VII . Because of this detail, it was not Don José de San Martín the only interested in the situation that the continent was going through. An alliance between prestigious Creole military was born in Europe. Its influence spread in this part of the world from Venezuela to the Río de la Plata and from Chuquisaca to Santiago de Chile. Among all they formed what was called a loggia, which secretly founded the foundations of who we are.
Intellectuals were the first to take this ancient form of grouping themselves into complex secret orders . The army also, although evoking the legendary fame of the orders of knights that were founded in the 12th century. Then lodges based on very diverse ideals would appear. Don José de San Martín, back in 1810, qualified to enter Cadiz to the Grand Lodge of the Rational Knights, which exactly imitated medieval orders. Created in 1798 by Francisco de Miranda , Lenipotentiary Dictator and Supreme Head of the Venezuelan States, formed an alternative military group to Freemasonry. It was exclusively founded to rid South America of Spanish colonialism.
Its members, through a hard work of espionage, learned that Ferdinand VII expected to be released. The French had let him know that they were not planning to execute him because his sister Josephine Carlota would deliver a large ransom. The members of the Grand Lodge of Knights deduced that Ferdinand, once free, would take revenge and his reign would become a despotic autocracy . Therefore they had to banish the viceroys who cared for their transatlantic colonies.
Some of the representatives of these Rational Knights deeply admired Emperor Napoleon . Others, such as Saint Martin , were more likely to encourage the development of republics by still drawing inspiration from the French Revolution . Therefore, when the half-continent liberator departed from Cadiz, he passed through London in order to meet his Lodge Superiors and lay down the bases of the South American Independence War there.
Once instructed, he landed at the port of Buenos Aires. He did not come alone: he was accompanied by a group of South American military brothers from the Central Lodge, who had also been trained in the Spanish army. Without knowing his intentions, the First Triumvirate opened the doors and supported him when founding the Regiment of Horse Grenadiers. But in his mind he hoped to apply the hermetic instructions of the group to which he belonged. He was to establish, without delay, the local headquarters of the Rational Knights. The new group was then called “ Logia Lautaro ”. Carlos María de Alvear, intellectual partner of San Martín , was the one who proposed the name of Lautaro to define the group responsible for liberating this part of America.
Lautaro was an Aboriginal chieftain who fought against the Spaniards in Chile. His story ended up being very famous in the colony. It clearly illustrated the struggle against the empire.
As soon as St. Martin accomplished his task, he focused all his forces on paving the way for freedom. But there was someone who was going to oppose the intentions of the Lautaro . Nothing less than Bernardino Rivadavia , the Secretary of War of the overthrown First Triumvirate. Many revisionist authors saw him as representing the interests of those who had participated in the uprising against the Morenists in 1811.
It is easy to deduce that it was not in Saint Martin's intention to ally with Rivadavia, but neither did the devastated Morenists turn out to be within his group. Sanmartinian thinking would include instances that overcome pre-existing conflicts and would go beyond any sectoral interest. To that end, the Liberator gathered the most pomegranate of his lodge and overthrew the enviciated Triumvirate that remained in power with very low popularity rates.
Rivadavia was sentenced to leave Buenos Aires . Since then he pointed to Alvear and especially San Martín as the mentors of a nefarious blow against America's future.
To Bartholomew himself Mitre , author of three volumes about the life of the Liberator San Martín, found it a titanic task for him to reconcile his figure with that of Rivadavia. These historic books, published at the end of the 19th century by the publisher Felix Lajouane at the Mouillot printing house in Paris, were part of the Argentine Myth that the authors Romantics tried to leave the generations that succeeded them.
Sixty years after Mitre's death, the revisionist movement would understand that it was necessary to purge many of the compilations published until then, prone to subjective opinions and extreme idealization of characters and circumstances. Naked from the ideology represented by romantic thinkers , they then began to see the past in a more critical way. The research did the rest, even creating different intellectual and political currents.
Meanwhile, a new antinomy was emerging. These two gigantic heroes revealed their differences only thanks to the meticulous work of the revisionists . But was it logical that Rivadavia and St. Martin were “intimate enemies”?
New researchers put the magnifying glass on the deep disagreements that kept these men from 1812 on opposing sides. At the same time, the Lautaro Lodge showed the immense power that it held. He overthrew an entire government almost without opposition. It happens that 1812 was not a simple year. There were so many aspirants to power that society was confused. Who to support? Who to follow? A mysterious question quickly took shape within the bosom of patrician families: did Saint Martin seek to sentence the United Provinces to a perpetual dictatorship of the Lautaro, or was it really in his plans to help create a new republic?
Publication Date: 02/06/2019
NUNCA SUPE BIEN LA HISTORIA DE LA LAUTARO. GRACIAS SINCERAMENTE POR AMPLIARME EL PANORAMA!!!!!!!!! UN SALUDO PROFESOR
En respuesta a
Quiero saber ¿en que acontecimientos politicos tuvo una intervencion directa?
Profesor Prudencstein. Ignoraba que la Logia Lautaro fuera una sucursal de los Caballeros Racionales. Ahora tiene sentido!!!!!! Gracias!!!!!!!!
nunca, nunca, nunca, nunca me interesó la historia argentina. Mi eterno agradecimiento al profesor por hacerme entrar en la historia de nuestro querido país. Ahora espero los domingos para enterarme de todo. AHORA ME GUSTA LA HISTORIA!!!!!!!! GRACIAS GRACIAS GRACIAS
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