I wrote! Reader NotesGo to section
Family education was not a minor issue for José de San Martín . Such is so that, despite being estranged both from his wife Remedios de Escalada by the wars of Independence, and from his daughter born in 1816 in Mendoza, Mercedes Tomasa San Martín y Escalada, a constant flow of letters came and went from the headquarters of the general, either in Mendoza, Santiago or Lime. And vice versa. Many of these writings were tips for the formation of the girl Mercedita, several of which were reflected in the very famous “Maximos para mi hija” written by the Liberator during his brief stay in Brussels. And that they endured in future generations of their blood as evidenced by the work of Josefa Dominga, daughter of Mercedes, fulfilling that of “stimulating charity to the poor” in the dark times of the Great War.
The retired general loved playing with his granddaughters Merceditas and Josefa in Grand Bourg, but especially with “Pepa above all, he walks around lifting a leg to do what he calls volatín; but he understands Spanish and French very well,” said Mercedes's brother-in-law of the fort.; between grandfather and granddaughter. He even let her play with the medals she had obtained from the Spanish crown for her performance in the Napoleonic wars. When José de San Martín died in 1850, Josefa was almost fifteen years old and had been trained with Sanmartinian education, but also under an unconditional love for a beloved country that never stepped on. Much of what we know about the Liberator of America is due to the donations made by Josefa, from personal documentation to furniture first guarded in the National Historical Museum . This is how he wrote to the museum director, Adolfo Carranza, in 1899: “In view of all these patriotic endeavors that honor the memory of my venerable grandfather so much, I have decided — regardless of my intimate feelings — as I participate to you in the present, to donate from now on to theNational Historical Museum not only all the furniture of my grandfather that I kept religiously in the same order that they kept in his room in his life (...)“. And she personally managed the repatriation of the remains of General San Martín in 1880, in a symbol of national unity in the midst of the civil war that ensues.in the federalization of Buenos Aires .
But let's travel to the early years of the 20th century. Josefa, Madame Pepá, is widowed at the age of 68 to Eduardo María de los Dolores Estrada, a diplomat of Mexican fortune, with whom he lived in a petit chateau in the town of Brunoy, about twenty-three kilometers from Paris. a long history dating back almost a hundred years before the French Revolution and had been chosen as a country house by the Saint Martin family. Such possibilities, and the great heart of Josefa , encouraged the installation of a Home for Elders of the Balcarce and Gutiérrez de Estrada Foundation in 1905, with the help of the Sisters of the Congregation “Filles de la Sagesse”. A solidarity company that also had a vegetable garden that supplied the poor in the region and a Surgical Clinic that operated to the needy free of charge.
In 1914 the health complex designed by the granddaughter of San Martín became the Hospital Military Auxiliary No. 89, a luxury at the time with 50 beds for the wounded, two operating rooms, sterilization room, radiology room, laboratory and hydrotherapy room. An unwavering desire to help Madame Pepá's neighbor, in the worst horrors of humanity, and who had several anecdotes that paint the commitment and courage of the brave woman. Once a car of wounded people stopped at the gate and the French soldiers did not authorize the descent. Josefa came to help, ready as always, and the military responded that they would not allow him to attend Germans. To which she replied, “Are you hurt? Then put them in!”.
A couple of years later the furious German offensive of the Second Battle of Marne was unfolding, with heavy artillery and poisonous gases. The Allies ordered the early withdrawal to Paris, which also dragged the population of Brunoy. Faced with the urgent order of the French generals, Saint Martin 's granddaughter refused to leave the wounded. A few days later the American intervention, it contained the attack on French soil and tilted the balance towards the end of the war in 1918. Towards the end of the year, Josefa received the decorations of the Red Cross and the Legion of Honor of France in an emotional ceremony where the saved soldiers painted flags with the legend: “Thank you, ma'am, you are braver than us.”
Josefa, Madame Pepá , an Argentine heroine , before her definitive rest in Brunoy in 1924, donated all the assets so that her foundation continues, to this day, assisting the elderly and destitute in France and the Children's Board of Trustees in Argentina . A country that, we reiterate, never met. Although that is questionable because she was raised by one of the best Argentines: José de San Martín .
Sources: Rojas, R. The saint of the sword . Buenos Aires: Losada. 1950; Buroni, J. “Josefa, the granddaughter of St. Martin in Brunoy” in Todo es Historia magazine Nro. 605 December 2017. Buenos Aires.
Publication Date: 17/08/2020
There are not comments
An extraterrestrial event is happening in the province of La Rioja... This is Solar54, a human life...
In the year of the seventieth anniversary of Argentine television, we began remembering this program...
Today Patrizia brings us a 20 minute practice of power yoga, designed for those who already have str...
Even that temperature can reach the thermal sensation in Dubai. There lives a Mendoza who works on t...