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Quiroga's death in Barranca Yaco

Borges reflected the murder of the warlord Facundo Quiroga in an incomparable poem. With mastery, he would end up establishing an almost unfathomable enigma: who really killed the so-called Tigre de los Llanos?


By 1820 the Battle of Cepeda ended up shaping a series of autonomous provinces separated from the central power of Buenos Aires. They came from the former mayors and governorates that had participated in the  Congress of Tucumán  in 1816.

In late 1824, terrible disagreements with  Governor Rodríguez  led to the need to establish a Constitution in order to reorganize the  New State  .

It is often determined that provincial deputies were divided into two factions with opposing interests. The   unitarians  , on the one hand, supported the continuity of the central power of the province of Buenos Aires. The   feds  , on the other, sought the provinces to make their own decisions. Throughout this antinomy that lasted many years, a very dubious circumstance took place: the death of the most charismatic leader of the feds,   Facundo Quiroga ,  also known as  the Tiger the Plains. 

Due to the doubts that the case exhibited by its dark nature, it is still subject to heated debates. This episode took place in Barranca Yaco,  Córdoba , on February 16, 1835.

Some “ historical revisionists ” interpreted as   unitarians   and   Feds   had emerged beyond the confrontation between the interior and the Capital. They would be the product of a deeper ideological shock that was going through them all. There were many reasons to reach this conclusion. The protagonists had greater interests than the already established party polarization. Certain theoretical formulations coincide on one point: the unique religious war born from the bowels of the intense Catholic faith of Quiroga.

Opposing the freedom of worship established by   Rivadavia  , Quiroga cried to the four winds  “religion or death!”.  He fought against the Buenos Aires anticlerical armies. The confrontation ended badly. The pen of  Jorge Luis Borges , full of unknowns, paradoxically reveals something of that truth that was still perceived at the beginning of the 20th century. “ General Quiroga goes en coche al mueche ”, published in “ Luna de frente ” (Buenos Aires, 1925) is a poem divided into Alexandrian quartets.  The sixth of them says:

 But as the day shines on Barranca Yaco 

 sabers with edge and tip prowled over him; 

 death of bad death took it to the riojano 

 and a stab stab lied to Juan Manuel. 

 Facundo's mouth pronounces nothing less than the name Rosas. A certain famous theory of the French consul in  Montevideo  would seem to be established in the Alexandrine Quartet of Borges.  Named Raymond Baradére , the French consul in 1835 speculated about the possibility that the Governor of Buenos Aires was the real instigator of the events that took place in Cordoba.  Sarmiento  insistently  ignored that Rosas  emerged nothing less than from the ashes of the Rioja leader. But the Governor was already aware that he could print in the hearts of men hatred and strife, intrigue and confrontation. Did he need to kill his most intrepid warlord?

The kind of dominance that the  federal government of Rosas installed in Buenos Aires would respond not so much to the annihilation of its peers, but to the existence of a fertile ground typical of partisan divisionism.

Returning to Borges, we must say that the esoteric episode he collects in his last quartet is not fortuitous. It marks the strict root of a thought that frankly ended up tormenting politicians:

 Already dead, already standing, already immortal, already ghost, 

 presented himself to hell that God had marked him, 

 and at his command they went, broken and bleed, 

 the souls in grief of men and horses. 

To highlight the religious beliefs of Quiroga naked to what extent the anticlerical movement grew in the country, exposing a hot battle that  subdivided the unitarians   themselves  to break them. The war between laity and believers had been imported from the Old World. Despite his anachronism, it was very similar to Quiroga's war cry.

In Europe also divided, one day  Protestantism  was installed with great success. As early as 1519 the Pope had identified his opponent. However, the existence of the true modern enemy of the Vatican was  secularism .

Much of the intellectual products of that time would come from the hand of  Illuminism . The anticlerical policy that would take away the dream of the  leader of La Rioja was home to the greatest characters who spawned culture during the first half of the nineteenth century.

It is known that the Catholic world was suspicious of the  Protestants  and at that point Facundo considered himself a faithful ally of Pope Gregory XVI, a continuator of the former Counter-Reformation.  It should not be forgotten that the Holy See also fought the supposed Napoleonic atheism . Could we cross out Facundo's reaction to this issue as excessive? “ Religion or death ” was more than just a crumb, so her relations with Buenos Aires became increasingly complex.

 “ Next to the stylons a brunette was riding. 

 Go by car to death, what more oronda thing! 

 General Quiroga wanted to enter the shadow 

 wearing six or seven escort slits. 

He went to death accompanied, reveals  Borges  in his third quartet. His loyals also died in Barranca Yaco.

 Santos Pérez , the right hand of the  Reinafé brothers, who ruled over the province of  Córdoba , was accused of the crime. Being landowners, they were perfectly guilty. Likewise, the conspiracy theories, as we saw, reached Rosas himself and the Governor of  Santa Fe , Estanislao López. Sometimes there is talk of a certain rivalry between  López  and  Quiroga,  due to the struggle between the two to take over the Mediterranean province.

Anyway, it is known that in the conflict with the secular vision that arose in the Capital, the  unitarians  shouted together with the  feds  defending Gregory XVI.  The Apostolic Revolution was very solid and survived the short government of  Rivadavia   .  It had many sectors in favor, but also many others against it. Wouldn't the real executioners of the  Tigre de los Llanos be there? At the same time, the possibility of seeing Juan Manuel de Rosas himself the real instigator of the murder is highly suggestive.

This episode, according to  Bartolomé Mitre 's vision, places Quiroga as an enemy of the road to Modernity. In turn, the “ revisionist current ” would have very different reasons that would justify the guilt of the  Reinafé .  “ That bochinchera and ladina cordobesada”,  says Jorge Luis Borges when he puts himself in the role of the Rioja leader, “what should power with my soul?” .

The case was not resolved satisfactorily. It remains open as in that same hot February 1835. Even knowing the names of their murderers, the real conspirators were never unmasked.  That time, like so many others, no one told the truth at all. 

Publication Date: 28/07/2019

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By: Jony 28 July, 2019

Borges!!!!! Tan perfecto!!!! Tan bien analizado!!!!! se dieron cuenta?????????' nota de luxe!!!!!!

By: JO 28 July, 2019


By: Martín 28 July, 2019

Un análisis para tener en cuenta. Muchachos, hay que imprimir en PDF

By: Maribel 28 July, 2019

Un análisis agudo del pensamiento de Borges. Ymuy bien que el profesor Prudencstein diferencia poema de poesía. Siempre elos autores hablan de poesía y Borges escribía poemas. Poesía era lo que tenía al escribir con una gran poesia en sus palabras e imágenes. Pero el género era poema. Gracias profesor. Muy bueno lo suyo siempre para estas mañanas frías con un cafecito con leche. Gracias

By: Martín 28 July, 2019

No se ven los comentarios señor diario.....

By: Martin 28 July, 2019

Ahora si se ven los comentarios. Gracias señores del diario y un millón de gracias al autor. Una nota para releer Borges

By: Jony 28 July, 2019

Me levanto, tomo el mate, leo los diarios y el profesor me escribe sobre Borges mi escritor preferido. No saben el placer para mi. Muchas gracias!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

By: Carlos 28 July, 2019

Dos argentinos opuestos que se unen Borges y Quiroga Con Sarmiento somos tres.

By: Andrés de Miramar 28 July, 2019

Me gusta mucho. Gracias

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