I wrote! Reader NotesGo to section
At the age of 33, José de San Martín was an experienced lieutenant general of the Spanish Crown, who had served in infantry, cavalry andnbsp; to the navy. So he knew the face of death very well. While guarding the Royal House in Madrid, Ferdinand VII fell and violent riots shook the capital of a dying empire. Called with his men in a house, a gunshot blows up the door, he is buried and his captain tries to flee through the rooftops. In vain. He was butchered by the mob. From that day on, an aversion to massacres has remained in the memory of the experienced military, alien to political passions, whatever cause they may be.
Throughout his time in South America , incredibly decade-long, St. Martin demonstrated more than enough humanist principles. And that deaths had to be avoided at all costs, including that of his enemies, his former realist comrades. When in the first victories in Chile , especially after the decisive Maipú, which was the American gale that rumbled to Simon Bolivar 's Venezuela, there was a rumor that prisoners were being executed on the battlefield, St. Martin himself made clear the humanitarian treatment in the conflict. All the captured Spaniards were treated properly, a concern that the Liberator in Cuyo had already shown with the prisoners, and those who wanted to return to Spain were released.
Another example of piety was the order not to execute for treason the perfidious brothers Juan José and Luis Carrera, some Chilean aristocrats who played in their favor in the midst of the struggle for independence. Detained in Mendoza while trying to pass to Santiago, they had already provoked the retreat of the Chilean revolution of September 1810 with their intrigues and personal vanities. Unfortunately for them, the request of the Argentine patriot , supported even by Bernardo O'Higgins, the political enemy of the Carrera, arrived late and the sentence signed by Bernardo de Monteagudo was fulfilled. Another Chilean anecdote of the great captain's kindness is when his loyalists intercepted compromising letters from wealthy Chileans who supported realist general Mariano Osorio after the American defeat in Cancha Rayada . Carefully, one by one, Saint Martin burned the letters in the solitude of his logs, and no one ever knew who the authors had been.
Even before arriving in Peru , a group of Spanish liberals Freemasons heads to San Martín recognizing their “good humanist principles” and hoping that “you unÁ is to the virtuous men on both sides, and let them all march under the same flags to fight despotism.” His campaign in Inca lands, which began with negotiations with Viceroy Pezuela to prevent bloodshed, and proclaims to the Peruvian people in order to generate support, got his entry into Lima in 1821 without a shot. The more than 4000 Argentine and Chilean soldiers, much smaller than rival troops, reminded them that they did not conquer a strange land, but rather liberate it. And severely punished any act of abuse or abuse during his years as Protector of Peru . But reality struck him again when the indigenous people of Cangallo , loyal to the Revolution, were razed to its foundations by the orders of José Carratalá, a bloodthirsty Spanish particularly cruel to the natives. He immediately realized, in December 1821, that he needed to put an end to these injustices and his decision to ally with Bolívar was inevitable. Unfortunately, the Buenos Aires homage to these indigenous heroes, which was instituted in a street by a bitter rival of Bernardino Rivadavia , was forgotten when Cangallo became Lieutenant General Juan Domingo Perón in 1984, except in a few blocks from Parque Centenario .
Thinking of the warrior Saint Martin is an authoritarian invention that is less than a hundred years old. During the 19th century it aroused all kinds of controversy, even some called it “soldier” or “political by necessity”, although others clearly affirmed the humanist dimension, as it appears in the first biography written to the Liberator , by Chilean Benjamí; n Vicuña Mackenna: “The campaigns of San Martín are without battles. He has fought war without tears and blood like Washington.” It was in 1930, with the overthrow of the second government of Hipólito Yrigoyen at the hands of General Uriburu , that the “hour of the sword” would erase the human scale, and forge the bronze. The last attempt to transform San Martín into a secular procer, who is “a moralist in action” afflicted by his ailments and not a superman, has his swan song in Ricardo Rojas 's El Santo de la Espada . All mentions of the general's liberalism were omitted, not to mention his links with Freemasonry, the deadly enemy of Catholic nationalism . A reactionary movement that solidified with the coup of the military of 1943, and the militarist glorification of Peronism on the centenary of the death of the Father of the Fatherland . Even in the fifties the images of that European exile of the Levite disappeared, who was bitterly shy of the struggles between his brothers. And finally, the metal silenced the Sanmartinian soul.
Sources: Cibotti, E. No mirages. Versions, rumors and controversies of Argentine history . Buenos Aires: Aguilar.2004; Levene, G. History Argentina. Buenos Aires: Editorial Campano. 1967; Ternavasio, M. History of Argentina 1806-1852. Buenos Aires: 21st Century. 2009 .
Publication Date: 17/08/2020
There are not comments
Today Patrizia brings us a 20 minute practice of power yoga, designed for those who already have str...
Even that temperature can reach the thermal sensation in Dubai. There lives a Mendoza who works on t...
The photographer and cultural manager practically invented the space of photography in the national...
Serargentino.com columnist and winner of the recognition “Ambassador of the Word”, tells everything...