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Results of the Conquest of the Desert II

Historical revisionism lived two golden epochs in Argentina. One from 1960. The other would take place in the last thirty years.


The most critical look at the modernization process that began to take place at the end of the 19th century, it would reach its zenith with the appearance of the latest late revisionism. Born from the work of new researchers, he brought diverse perspectives to exploration historical. The name of the former chieftains took prominence again.

As we tell in previous chronicles, brought by the expert Francisco Moreno to La Plata in 1885, about ten tehuelches had remained between the walls of the Museum of Natural Sciences for a long time. So much that they died there. As if they were the property of the institution, the bones, brain and scalp of those people were exhibited for more than a century.

This would be the case until, a few years ago, the news agency Telam reported that, in a ceremony accompanied by musicians from aboriginal peoples, the remains of the Chubutense chieftains preserved in The Silver. The return of what was left of them took place after countless claims from indigenous communities (Telam, National Agency, Chubut Province 2014).

The case of the chief Inacayal (to whom we have dedicated two chronicles here), was very renowned because it was the “first restitution of human remains ordered by law”, according to María Luz Endere in “Archives of American alterity” ( CONICET, Faculty of Social Sciences, National University of the Center of the Province of Buenos Aires Aires, 2014). Few refunds occurred after so long. The most terrible thing is that complete nations of peoples pre-existing to the geopolitical formation of the present countries disappeared without a trace.

The accusation of “genocide” always weighs on the Conquest of the Desert . As expected, late revisionism would give rise to various processes of judgment on the actions of Julio Argentino Roca.

The investigations of Añon Suárez, Fernando Pepe and Patricio Harrison, authors of“Anthropology of Genocide, Identification and Restitution, Collections of Human Remains at the La Plata Museum” (La Campana de Palo - Buenos Aires 2010), go in this direction. They say that what happened in Patagonia was nothing but a conscious elimination of people and cultures. As always, in countries where these events take place, they are very difficult to recognize.

They say Añon Suárez, Pepe and Harrison in the foreword of

Publication Date: 20/10/2019

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