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A chapter in history that marked a before and after. A revolt that would weaken the dictatorship and unite the Argentine people: the Cordobazo.
The Cordobazo was ahistoric event , a milestone in Cordoba that would start many more revolts. It is the largest popular insurrection in Argentina and Latin America. And, for that, it would be rememberedforever. The context that would give rise to this revolt was the dictatorship of Onganía along with a general situation of devaluation, precariousness and social unrest. It should be noted that the current regime was characterized as Catholic and highly repressive.
However, Cordoba's unions along with the student population (which, in Córdoba, is always the majority) rose up to make themselves heard. A curious fact of this time is that the Cordovan society was the youngest in the whole country. Fifty-four per cent of the Cordoba population were under 30 years of age . This and other factors are key to understanding the socio-political phenomenon that occurred in 1969. More than fifty years after this fact, we remember this episode.
One of the precedents of this insurrection was the Cuban revolution of 1959, which over the years would resonate in the ideals of the Argentineworking class . Another was the first Rosariazo , a demonstration by Rosarino students against the Government's murder and impunity . Also, the fact that most of the students of the time formed a first generation university. I mean, they were the children of workers, who fought with class consciousness, so that the university could be everyone. and for everyone.
The Cordobazo began on May 29, 1969 and never ended again, as it became part of the Argentine imagination. May 29 and 30 were the days when workers and students stood up to claim their rights. Unions, groups and students demonstrated in the streets of Córdoba, occupying 150 blocks to make themselves heard. Some of the participating unions were UTA, UOM, SMATA and Luz y Fuerza. Organizations with great power, which managed to attract the attention of the whole country. And, above all, boycott the government of de facto President Onganía .
In this period, repressive acts were common currency. So when they got up, workers and students knew what they were going to face. A demonstration calling for dignity and rights ended up being a deadly confrontation. Armed and police forces attacked with firearms . In response, trade unions, students and neighborhood merchants defended themselves with what they had.
Publication Date: 29/05/2020
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