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General José de San Martín's struggles helped liberate Chile, Peru and Argentina . But there was another man with a widened hair, awake look and a kind smile. His legacy was as solid as that of the Liberator. Manuel Belgrano 's revolutionary impulse was running through his veins. Their presence was decisive in the Northern Army to bring the region to an increasingly oiled process of territorial and political autonomy. By 1816, both heroes wondered whether it was not time to proclaim the independence of the United Provinces .
Just a year earlier, the Board of Directors was established in Buenos Aires to replace the Second Triumvirate . Carlos Maria de Alvear assumed for a short time, enough to send Bernardino Rivadavia and General Manuel Belgrano as ambassadors to Britain. We don't know why such a variable could then suit America. Probably the opposite speeches of both men, had for Alvear a greater goal that today escapes us.
The truth is that those talks with British politicians had a surprising result. It is true that Rivadavia became more convinced than ever of his “ Europeanist vision ”, but Belgrano developed a different scheme. He had already talked about his plan at Rodríguez Peña 's house, although on this occasion he was absolutely sure what he was saying. In contrast to Rivadavia , he developed a theory he passionately defended until the last moment of his life. The “ parliamentary incanato ” shook the provincial deputies.
Then, a few days before that July 9, 1816, he spoke in Tucumán before the representatives of the people of the United Provinces. He did so vehemently, hoping to get full support from Congress .
He asked the deputies, when declaring independence, to take into account a direct descendant of the Inca Túpac Amaru to appoint him king. It seemed crazy. However, the heir of the Inca had already been identified. Belgrano 's theory suddenly became a reasoning worthy of analysis. Broadly speaking, it consisted of establishing a “ parliamentary monarchy ” of indigenous origin. The goal would be much more than decorative. It was necessary to give a fraction of the prominence to pre-existing American kings, forgotten and mistreated by the successive abuses suffered since the discovery.
Perhaps it was the quintessence of the elucubrations of the Lautaro Lodge . Agreeing with the former inhabitants of the incanato could result in an alliance with Bolivia and Peru. Strengthening the identity and merging of the armies of the Southern Cone of America would put realistic troops in a very difficult situation.
The Holy Alliance dominated the European horizon. This was a kind of pact between Russia, Prussia and Austria in order to fight the rebounds of Bonapartism . Ferdinand VII , after Napoleon 's fall in Waterloo, established monarchical absolutism in Spain.
Faced with such a panorama, the South American possibility of allied with the former warriors of Túpac Amaru seduced some of the provincial representatives in
Tucumán . However, the “ parliamentary incanato ” never managed to establish itself in the ideology of continental policies, much less among the leadership of the United Provinces.
It was shortly after those events that Manuel Belgrano fought again in the Litoral. Tired, sick and disappointed, one day he decided to travel to Buenos Aires . Something was going on with his friends. The Lautaro Lodge seemed to have vanished. The former members of the Order were isolated and shaken by the loss. What was going on? Where had they all been?
“ Down with the Lautaro!” , youth political groups were heard saying that they were sometimes passing in front of Belgrano 's house in Montserrat. That man whom they ignored, had created the national pavilion in 1812. He used the colors of the cockade he himself had institutionalized to differentiate the independence soldiers from the Spaniards.
He was General of the Northern Army, winner in Tucumán, Salta and Las Piedras , as well as becoming a great politician and diplomat.What else did the United Provinces need to honor him? Belgrano left this world a cold June 20, 1820, plunged into absolute poverty and far from power .
No one talked about him during that year, because a new civil war had been unleashed. Now the stage was the province of Buenos Aires . This conflict would lead Martín Rodríguez to become Governor and Rivadavia into his Chief Minister .
Perhaps these avatars made it pass almost forty years to firmly say his name again. Then Bartolomé Mitre recovered the forgotten figure of Manuel José Joaquín del Corazón de Jesús Belgrano and finally addressed a biography. Despite everything, they had to spend another sixty years to honor their legacy. Only in 1938 was it possible to establish the day of his death as the one chosen to remember the creation of the flag of the Argentines.
Publication Date: 16/06/2019
¿porqué todas estas cosas no me las decian en la escuela? ahora quieroooooooo a Belgrano y me pregunto si siempre fuimos asi. nunca reconocemos a alguien en vida. siempre dudamos de sus logros y su sinceridad. Gracias profe
Una genialidad hablar del Inca y no directamente de la bandera para celebrar el día de la bandera. Profesor es mi ídolo
Coincido con los chicos que escribieron. Una GENIALIDAD. Siempre nos contaron el tema de la bandera. Pero un Belgrano así es una audacia. Gracias profesor Prudencstein
Gracias Profesor, estas columnas dominicales redefinieron mis mañanas
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