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Conflicts in Europe in the middle of the last century deeply affected local political movements. In such a context, Peronism made its act of appearance.
Linked to the previous three chronicles , it must be said that our country was affected in several ways by World War II . First, the Nazi gold route had two aspects. The first, represented by the fortunes of the tycoons who sought to flee Europe between 1939 and 1946. Second, gold stolen by the Third Reich from the millions of Jews victims of the Holocaust .
Beyond the results of the war conflict, Argentina remained neutral since September 4, 1939. That position was not the best. It is known that neutrality itself does not exist. He runs in favor of those who move in illegality, ignoring them . When not, giving them shelter.
The KLM company has been questioned by this matter. A deep investigation of Uki Goñi says that at the end of the war, Nazi officers were uploaded in Switzerland “ to an avian; n from KLM and sent them to Argentina.”
Goñi , historian and journalist, consulted by DW-WORLD in a note given to Pablo Kummetz , would confirm the fact in 2007. In addition, he comments on the same note that an Argentinean named Carlos Fuldner enlisted in the SS during the war and ascended to the rank of captain. When the Reich fell, he emigrated to Madrid and enabled flights from Switzerland to Buenos Aires from there.
Similarly, when the triumph of the allies began to be seen on the horizon, five months before signing peace in Europe, the Argentine government stood against Nazism.
This means that Presidents Ortiz, Castillo, Rawson, Ramirez and Farrel flirted from Casa Rosada with Germany without much opposition. It should be borne in mind that Rawson, Ramirez and Farrel were military personnel and had emerged from the coup d'état of '43.
The PS (Socialist Party) and the CP (Communist Party), despite their various fluctuations, were early expressed against what they called “ Nazifascism .” They declared that they were in favour of European democracies with all their nuances, even if they were “ capitalist .” It is clear that the PC had its swings because of the deep relationship that associated it with Moscow . On the other hand, it must be admitted that socialism was clearer.
Particularly not so specific would be the position of radicalism . In honor of the truth, President Jaime Gerardo Roberto Ortiz was radically extracted (albeit contrary to Yrigoyen) and during his tenure the country's neutrality against the European conflict was established. Despite this unfortunate circumstance, Marcelo T. de Alvear proclaimed the Radical Party as an enemy of all kinds of fascism , where of course he included the Nazi regime .
The most special question of all is finally settled on the foundation of Peronism . The emergence of the omnipresent figure of Juan Domingo Perón in those years, provokes, for many researchers, deep controversy.
Goñi says that “ Perón had been in Italy as a military attaché and when he returned to Argentina he spoke of Mussolini — and also Hitler — with great enthusiasm and admiration.”
According to the note given to Pablo Kummetz, the Washington-born author would make it clear that “during the war, Perón had many contacts with the Secret Service of the SS operating in South America.”
So much has been talked about the subject. So much has been written...Perhaps the iconography that accompanied Peronism , highlighted aspects connected to those that tend to precede certain party regimesnico. Moreover, the so-called “ panperonism”, coined after 1955, which included a large arc of groups that would go from the revolutionary right to the revolutionary left with countless nuances, ended up accentuating this disturbing sensation,
But to what extent was Peronism able to absorb the thousand secret faces of the Nazi monster? What were the voices and actions that tied Juan Domingo Perón 's image to the fate of totalitarian governments? In turn, one can ask: what part of us makes us still see in our adversaries, ungodly ghosts coming from European war hell ?
Publication Date: 21/11/2020
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ESTE GOÑI VIVE EN ESTADOS UNIDOS. NO SUELE VENIR A LA ARGENTINA. ES HIJO DE DIPLOMÁTICOS Y MUESTRA PRUEBAS MUY CONCRETAS. SOBRE TODO LOS DATOS DE LA KLM. PERO EL PROFESOR PRUDENCSTEIN NO LO MUESTRA COMO DEFINITIVO. LA PREGUNTA FINAL ME DEJA PENSANDO... ES VERDAD DECIMOS NAZI COMO QUIEN DICE CUALQUIER COSA. TENEMOS UN VOCABULARIO LIMITADO. GRACIAS
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