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Argentina in the Second World War

The influence of conflicts in Europe in the middle of the last century deeply affected local political movements. In such
Historia 49
22 December, 2019

Linked to the three previous chronicles , it must be said that our country was affected in several ways by the Second World War. First, the Nazi gold route had two aspects. The first, represented by the fortunes of the tycoons who sought to flee Europe between 1939 and 1946. The second, the gold stolen by the Third Reich from the millions of Jews victims of the Holocaust.

Beyond the outcome of the conflict , Argentina remained neutral from 4 of September 1939. That position was not the best. It is known that the neutrality in itself does not exist. Run. in favor of those who move in illegality, ignoring them. When not, giving them shelter.

KLM has been questioned on this issue. A thorough investigation by Uki Goñi says that at the end of the war, the Nazi officials put them in Switzerland “ona KLM plane and sent them to Argentina”.

Goñi, historian and journalist, consulted by DW-WORLD in a note given to Pablo Kummetz, would confirm the fact in 2007. In addition, he comments in the same note that an Argentinean named Carlos Fuldner, enlisted in the SS during the war and ascended to the rank of captain. As fell the Reich, emigrated to Madridand enabled flights from there from Switzerland to Buenos Aires .

Likewise, when the triumph of the allies began to be perceived on the horizon, five months before signing the peace in Europe, the Argentine government positioned itself against Nazism.

This means that Presidents Ortiz, Castillo, Rawson, Ramírez and Farrel , flirted from the Pink House with Germany without much opposition. It should be borne in mind that Rawson, Ramírez and Farrel were military personnel and had emerged from the coup d’état of 43.

de factopresidentes de factopresidents (conceived as de facto, also known as accessing power non de jure)

The PS (Socialist Party) and the PC (Communist Party), despite its various fluctuations, early expressed against what they called “Nazifascism.” They declared to be a favour of European democracies with all their nuances, even if they were “capitalists.” It is clear that the PC had its swings through the deep relationship that associated him with Moscow. On the other hand, it must be admitted that socialism was clearer.

Particularly not so specific would be the position of radicalism. In honor of the truth, President Jaime Gerardo Roberto Ortiz was of radical extraction (although contrary to Yrigoyen) and during his term he established the neutrality of the country in the face of the European conflict. Despite this unfortunate circumstance, Marcelo T. de Alvear proclaimed the Radical Party as an enemy of all kinds of fascism , where it included, of course, the Nazi regime .

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