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A revolutionary milestone, a Cordovan landmark

In June, the transformation of Cordovan university education is commemorated. We tell you what this historic milestone is all about.

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La Reforma Universitaria is a   historical and iconic milestone   of the advancement of   popular freedoms.   Above all, it is a fact that marks the fate of all the countries that would continue to preach this   revolution   . Since, it should be mentioned, Argentina is not the only one. The Reform, as we remember it, is a sequel to a sequence of   political events, demonstrations and movements   which achieved modifications in the   state dynamics   . These events, carried out by immigrant students, happened between   March and October 1918.  

This is a   triumph of the student struggle   in conjunction with political figures who,   to the day of today   , are remembered for being part of this milestone. The   symbolic date   chosen to commemorate the triumph of the   freedom   about dogma   is every 15 June.   As, on that day, the students broke into the Institution to prevent the elections of a new rector from taking place. Especially because this one would take care of   officially reject the changes   that the student was claiming. It is the day of the revolutionary outbreak that, with a radical change, would bring the   argentinian people   to the conquest of their   rights   . However, this is a symbolic date because the struggle was extensive and lasted much longer than a single day.

  Education is ours  

  The University Reform   was thought from several planes. From a holistic perspective they sought   build a   new society   ,   especially independent. This milestone represents the abolition of the last colonial links that these young reformists hated. In pursuit of   free thought,   la   democratization of knowledge   and the     freedom of expression.     Issues which, of course, constituted a   threat to the dominant sector   of the moment. As well as a questioning towards the clerical and conservative society that characterized the   Cordoba of the twentieth century.  

The creation of the     FUC (University Federation of Cordoba)     was a fact that helped to carry out the reformist proposals. Also the weight and support of personalities such as Arturo Capdevilla, Deodoro Roca, Raúl Orgaz and Ramón J. Cárcan. Personalities who became heroes and who, at the time, had power. Some of them, after the Reformation, would be   university teachers.  

  Manifesto  

The famous   Liminar Manifesto of University Reform   is a document that, to this day, surprises with its lucidity and strength. It was written by Deodoro Roca, but would express the ideas of a whole   unstoppable collective.  

“Men from   a free republic   we just broke the last chain that, in the middle of the twentieth century, tied us to ancient monarchical and monastic domination. We have solved   call all things by the name   that they have. Cordoba redeems itself.   From today we have a less shame for the country and one more freedom.     The pains that remain are the freedoms that are missing.   We think we are not mistaken, the resonances of the heart warn us: we are stepping on a revolution, we are living an American hour,” says the document that, 102 years after its writing, continues to have a unique power.

This proclamation of rights was signed by Enrique F. Barros, Horacio Valdés, Ismael C. Bordabehere, president. Gurmensindo Sayago, Alfredo Castellanos, Luis M. Mendez, Jorge L. Bazante, Ceferino Garzon Maceda, Julio Molina, Carlos Suarez Pinto, Emilio R. Biagosch, Angel J. Nigro, Natalio J. Saibene, Antonio Medina Allende, Ernesto Garzon. What leaves in evidence that it represented   the ideal of a large group.  

  What reforms?  

The demands they fought for were many, today those rights conquered seem to be obvious. However, the University at that time was extremely   anti-democratic and oligarch.   Organized students belonging to the FUC and the FUA (Federación Universitaria Argentina) achieved a radical change in the notion of   education   and in the paradigms that governed the University. Among other things, there was a struggle for student co-government and competitions with jurors with student participation. In short,   the student needed to be the protagonist of his own training.   On the other hand, university autonomy, free teaching and freedom of professorship. Items that   would free education from colonial dogmas   and retrograde lines of thought. Other points that would be fundamental for the consolidation of a new University were the   inclusion of the   research       as a function   more. In turn, generating a   university extension area   which would be characterized by social commitment.

The idea was to generate a   movement of democratization of the   teaching   ,   break with the authoritarianism with which institutions were managed. And above all, modify the teacher-pupil dyads and university-society. The changes that the Reform produced were based on the fundamental notion that an institution with so much power and trajectory should not and could not be relegated to a positivist and colonial view. Above all, it should not be a reproduction of hegemonic discourses and methods. A real university had to operate as a   the fundamental entity of society,   questioning it, transforming and molding it. As it does today,   thanks to the Reform and other subsequent struggles.   And even current.

  A little further behind in history  

  The University Reform     it was a       revolution   that spread   with the immediacy and effectiveness of spores. Since the Mexican Revolution in 1910, and the changes experienced at the continent level, thousands of movements were created. From the revolts of the people against the oppressors, conquerors and the dominant oligarchy.   All the young Latin Americans were infected with this thirst for freedom.   Some a little earlier, some a little later.

  Here and now  

This fact was a   before and after   in the notion of education and in university policies. From that year, the University would become a   the constructor of a different reality   . Based on new methodologies, new pedagogies and new teaching bodies. From a   social awareness   and taking in   count multiple factors   which until then had not been included.   The National University of Córdoba is today a social, political and educational entity that intervenes with different programs in Cordoba and national society.   This institution is consolidated as a fundamental base for the creation of a   conscious, fair and chain-free society   . Therefore, knowing its history is fundamental. Since it is one of the oldest universities in Latin America and, therefore, with the most trajectory.   Knowing her is to know each other.  

Publication Date: 26/06/2020

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