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As we already know, history is written only by the winners: only the winning men. Leaving a broad sector out of these processes that are part of changes that constitute our identity today. As Argentines, Argentines and, above all, as cordobeses , we must do historical reviews where we can narrate from a holistic perspective. Without making groups invisible, nor show only one history bell . Because memories and commemorations are built together. We constantly reproduce them and, as Argentinian citizens, we have the possibility of rewrite our history. Based on research and groups with a gender perspective, work was carried out that could elucidate the role of women in different historical events. Events in which the intervention of this large part of the population that make up had never been mentioned before female identities. The University Reform was no exception. The group of female students who intervened in this event, or were quested by the reformist struggle, was invisible. Women were part of reformist movement, even if the story doesn't show it. Thirty years ago that this collective was part of the National University of Cordoba like students and assistants. Of course: relegated just a few races. The University of Cordoba, the oldest in the country and one of the oldest in Latin America, remained almost exclusive to men.
The women of the University, back in 1918, they couldn't choose any race. The formations that were allowed to them were those linked to the care of one another. For example, nursing, medicine and, above all, specializations in births. That is, professions which would continue to perpetuate domesticity even within the workplace. Since it was about care tasks and they didn't get too far from mandates on the role of women in society. Even, in order to enter and join as university students, women had to perform a mental health examination and demonstrate their intellectual abilities. Something that, of course, should not prove to the men who presented themselves to the institution.
Another of the realities that lived women graduates from national universities as health professionals were the low employment insertion . Many times, his titles were like decoration of the house. It is the case of Margarita Zatzkin, first graduate of medicine at the National University of Córdoba, as well as pharmaceutical. To her he was never allowed to practice his profession , because social demands established that she had children and be a housewife.
By 1918, women did not vote and less than less were allowed to act in the political arena. At least, not publicly. That is why it is not surprising that no woman appears in the signatures of reformist documents. The iconic photos we venerate and through which we revive the revolutionary moment who involved the reform at the provincial and national levels they do not present women.
But that there were, there were. A clear example of women's intervention in the reformist activism of the time, is it Prosperina Paravan, who served as vice president of the Center for Students of Dentistry. And he organized a fight against the closure of the boarding school where many students of the Faculty lived and ate. He marched with his companions, organized them and was part of a new curriculum in the training of dentists and dentists.
Needless to say, the changes with regard to women's participation in the University did not take place in the year of the Reform, but a long time later. All this could be discovered thanks to the extensive research by thousands of professionals with perspective of genre , who went to rummage and dig through the documents until they found the traces and evidence of the existence of reformist women . Because, for a new society that is equitable and egalitarian, we must review history.
Publication Date: 13/07/2020
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