The first battle of the regiment that starred much of the South American independence gesture was fought on February 3, 1813 in the town of San Lorenzo (Santa Fe). There, José de San Martín 's grenadiers defeated a a realistic expedition that ravaged the coast of Paraná on 11 ships, and neutralized the Spanish presence in the area. We tell you 8 interesting facts about combat.
- It was the only battle of San Martin in Argentina. San Martín is the largest liberator in the region. However, the battle of San Lorenzo was his only fight in our lands.
- The confrontation lasted only 15 minutes . That was the time it took the grenadiers of Saint Martin to defeat the realistic expedition. The military tactic used consisted of an enveloping maneuver, taken from Napoleon.
- The grenadiers did not fly the Argentine flag . The March to the Flag says: “Here is the flag that one day/ in the tremolo battle triumphal/ and full of pride and bizarry/ to San Lorenzo went immortal.” However, although Belgrano presented the national flag on February 27, 1812, its use was disapproved by the Triumvirate.
- The grenadiers weren't alone . Saint Martin fought battle accompanied by 120 grenadiers. Although, near Rosario, some hundred Santa Fe militiamen joined the orders of Celedonio Escalada.
- The role of the Spanish officer Zabala . It is said that Juan Antonio de Zabala, head of the realists, once defeated, appeared before San Martín and asked him for food for his wounded. The Liberator then invited him with a succulent breakfast. A year later, in Mendoza, Zabala offered his services to San Martín, and he accepted.
- Was Cabral black? The origin of Juan Bautista Cabral is not entirely proven, but his brunette and slave ancestry is. He was born in Corrientes, at the end of the 18th century, before the law of freedom of bellies was proclaimed. Her mother was brunette and slave Carmen Robledo.
- Soldier or sergeant? There were some controversies regarding the office of Juan Bautista Cabral. However, the story is conclusive: he was a soldier from the body of grenadiers.
- Cabral's last words. During the landing of the Spaniards, the grenadiers of San Martín pursued them forcing them to flee. In the pursuit, St. Martin's horse rolled and was caught a leg. An enemy was going to nail his bayonet, but Juan Bautista Cabral got in the way and saved San Martin. They say that Cabral, at the time, exclaimed the phrase: “I die happy. We've beaten the enemy!”. But, as they say, Cabral's last words were rather less fancy: “I die happy, because we shit-that crap.”