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An icon of our Independence

Conscious independence is progressive and evolutionary in life; why should it not also be so in architecture?

Argentine
How to physically identify a monument? You can't do that. Why not? Because it can represent different objects or a monolith, or why not, a house. And what better way to be an icon of our national independence than La Casa de Tucumán? It is implanted in San Miguel de Tucumán, where 202 years ago the Independence of our country was declared as a Spanish colony. Today it is more of a museum, but what is important is not what it exhibits, which is representative, but the literal nature of what happened there. It is curious to highlight the architectural type of the house, which at times wants to become independent from the Spanish style but taking valuable aspects, such as the layout of the programme in "barra", feeding the different programmes through a corridor that works as a gallery towards the interior courtyards. They are meeting and leisure places, where there are extensive designs of landscaping or intentional flooring. Either trying to distance oneself from the Spanish style with the symmetry of the access on the façade, or the almost total stripping of ornaments. In any case, it is yet another variant of colonial architecture, with clear, coherent and spontaneous buildings, whose programmes are associated with specific needs and this can be seen in the different layout of the spaces on the ground floor, as well as in their scale and hierarchy. Other features of the colonial era are the use of door frame moldings, iron for window bars, white walls with deep recesses for windows and doors. They are all very homogeneous constructions and only the interior carpets as an architectural element - and a variant of flooring - bring some colour to the spaces. Beyond how literally each construction follows the colonial paradigms of the moment, it is also interesting how throughout history a gradual independence from it emerges, taking and strengthening valuable aspects and leaving aside aspects that are not necessary. Conscious independence is progressive and evolutionary in life; why should it not also be so in architecture?

Publication Date: 09/07/2018

Communicate
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