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Argentina world power

Chess: national pride of yesteryear

In August 1939, on the eve of World War II, the Torne de las Nations chess was developed in Buenos Aires, with the participation of the best players in the world. Before the end of the tournament, the war began, which motivated a good number of select representatives of the game science decided to stay in Buenos Aires; some temporarily, others until the end of the contest and a third group definitively adopting several of them Argentine citizenship. They contributed greatly to improving the quality of chess in the country, promoting interest and the study of tactics and strategies. It was a unique opportunity, not repeatable, that enabled Argentina to become a leading chess power during the 40's and 50's, demonstrating it in most major tournaments. The decisive contribution of Miguel Najdorf of Poland, Erck Eliskases of Germany, Gideon Stahlberg of Sweden, Hernan Pilnik arrived earlier from Germany, joined the locals Oscar Panno, world youth champion in 1953, Julio Bolbochan, Raúl Sanguinetti and others, allowed to integrate a group of remarkable strength that catapulted chess to the first plans. European players actively participated in local tournaments in Buenos Aires and Mar del Plata, ranking their level. The possibility of having to constantly face first-rate adversaries forced the locals to go deeper into the study and analysis of the matches. The result was that Argentina ranked among the top 3 places in the international competitions, alongside Russia and Yugoslavia. The newspapers “La Prensa”, “La Nación”, “El Mundo”, the magazine “Leoplán” and the newspaper “Clarín”, published the games that took place in the Argentine and international championships, a great help in the analysis processes. The decades of 40 and 50 marked the consolidation of the best Argentine chess of all eras, a real national pride.
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