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An icon of our Independence

Conscious independence is progressive and evolutionary in life, why should it not also be so in architecture?

Cambalache

How to physically identify a monument? You can't. Why? Because it can represent different objects or a monolith or, why not, a house. And what better than  La casa de Tucumán  to be an  icon of our independence  nationwide.

It is established in San Miguel de Tucumán, where 202 years ago our country's independence was declared as a Spanish colony. Today it is rather a museum; but what is important is not what it exhibits, which is representative, but the literality of what happened there.

It is interesting to highlight the architectural type of the house, which at times wants to become independent from the Spanish style but taking valuable aspects, such as the arrangement of the program in “bar”, feeding the various programs by a corridor that works in gallery towards the interior courtyards. Which are meeting and leisure places, where parking or intentional flooring designs are expanded. Either trying to distance themselves from the Spanish style with the symmetry of the access on the façade, or the almost total dispossession of ornaments. However, it is another variant of colonial architecture, with clear, coherent and spontaneous buildings, whose programs are associated with specific needs and this is noted in the different distributions of the floor spaces, as well as the scale and hierarchy of the same.

Other features of the  colonial era  are the use of moldings for door frames, iron for window bars, white walls with deep niches for windows and doors. All the  constructions  are very homogeneous and only the interior carpets as an architectural element - and a variant of flooring - give some color to the spaces.

Beyond how literal each construction follows the colonial paradigms of the moment, it is also interesting how throughout history a gradual independence from it arises, taking and enhancing valuable aspects and leaving aside expendable aspects. Conscious independence is progressive and evolutionary in life, why should it not also be so in  architecture ?

Publication Date: 09/07/2020

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