The word connotes remembrance, commemoration, recognition. “It's to make him a monument” is said when you hit it on something. It is a construction designed and designed representing some relevant character or event of the nearby place — when the event passes near — or distant — when the person is from the region.
Gradually, its use spread and encompasses any construction that possess artistic, archaeological or historical value and becomes a symbolic architectural piece of the place that may well be called “landmark” . In this way, throughout history, the concept of monument acquires success and expands into multiple disciplines among which is the architecture . Key to the original monuments, from materiality, implantation, the idea of at what height they are placed, etc. As also this term returns to architecture the development achieved and buildings are conceived that become monuments when they acquire excessive importance and give identity to the place as also the concept of monumentalist architecture.
Opening the fan even further, a step higher than the monument itself, is the icon, understood as an element of any materiality and any form. But it carries the characteristic of giving identity to a certain place , either by connotation, by formal similarity, or because it is so unique in itself but so typical of the site, that it can be there but not elsewhere. Clarifying the picture: anyone, place, construction, whatever, that is conceived as a monument, may have been thought to be, or have become socially and symbolic success in time, is an element of a place that must be materially and urbanally care as what it is. Something worth valuing.
Argentinian emblematic monuments
Undoubtedly, the Argentine territory is home to multiple monuments both historical, architectural and natural. That is why it is difficult to select only a few for them to show our national identity. That is to say that the monuments chosen below respond solely to the subjectivity of the writer and are simply a thematic selection of the emblems that represent us. But that does not disregard the others, thousands, who don't appear named here.
Given the complexity of selecting only a few monuments that represent us, I decided to base my choice on those places or monuments that led to the construction of our nation.
It was founded by Juan de Garay in 1580 after the second foundation of Buenos Aires. Initially it was a colonial council and there they performed the necessary functions to keep the city in condition.
After the May Revolution of 1810, a Governing Board was formed to overthrow the mandate of the Spanish viceroys and that led to the war that led to the independence of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata. It continued to function for that purpose until its dissolution in 1821.
Currently there is the National Historical Museum of the Cabildo and the May Revolution .
In the city of Rosario there is the National Historic Monument to the Flag . It is located in the national park a la Bandera, where General Manuel Belgrano first waved the Flag of Argentina, on the banks of the Paraná River.
There is a crypt in homage to General Manuel Belgrano and in the basement is the Sala de Honor de las Banderas de América.
Monument to Heroes of Independence
In the city of Humahuaca, in the province of Jujuy there is this imposing sculptural group representing the Argentine Heroes of Independence . It is headed by the giant figure of a nine-meter-high indigenous, representing the Argentine people. For this reason it is sometimes also called the American Indian Monument.
Casita de Tucuman
In the city of San Miguel de Tucumán is the so-called Historical House of Independence or Casita de Tucumán . On July 9, 1816, a group of delegates from most of the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, known as the Congress of Tucumán, proclaimed the declaration of independence from Argentina .
It was declared a national historical monument in 1941 and currently there is the Museo casa Histórico de la Independencia .
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