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Peat bogs play an important role in the regulation of the carbon cycle. In Tierra del Fuego, they call for protective measures.
The Parque Las Turberas Peninsula Mitre , located on the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego, is in danger . Environmental agencies expressed concern about the lack of measures in this area. This is where we find the largest focus of carbon generation in the country , which has so many negative consequences on the environment .
Peat bogs are a type of wetland that has the particularity of progressively producing and accumulating peat (dead organic matter). Experts say that it comes from plants adapted to live in conditions of permanent saturation of water , low presence of oxygen and poor availability of nutrients.
This produces a cycle in which carbon that is fixed in plants decomposes when the plant dies and returns to the atmosphere . Therefore, care in the management of peatlands is very important. In the event of an imbalance, organic matter dries, decomposes and the material returns to the atmosphere with a greenhouse effect.
“Tierra del Fuego has the largest carbon capture in Argentina and becomes a crucial piece to fight the climate crisis ,” the National Geographic Society and the United Nations World Conservation Monitoring Centre.
They say that “global research identified that the Mitre Peninsula, in Tierra del Fuego , stores the equivalent of more than three years of carbon dioxide emissions from Argentina. This is because of the particularity of its ecosystem, composed mostly of peat bogs.”
Entities also noted that “peatlands worldwide store about 30 per cent of soil carbon in just 3 per cent of the Earth's surface. This is twice as much as stored in plant biomass. In addition, it houses 10% of the planet's fresh water. In Argentina, 95% of peat bogs are in Tierra del Fuego, concentrated in the Mitre Peninsula, which shows the need to conserve this territory .”
They added that it is important to pass a law that grants a legal framework of conservation to the Mitre Peninsula as Provincial Park . This would protect this valuable ecosystem and prevent stored carbon from returning to the atmosphere.
In the face of the current global extinction crisis and to serve the health of the planet, in 2017, CLT launched the Marine Conservation Program “ No Blue There Is No Green ”. This is intended to protect the habitat and species of the coasts and the Argentine sea .
Since then, in conjunction with the Forum for the Conservation of the Patagonian Sea, they have been promoting the creation of the first Marine Protected Areas approved by law. Currently, it is working to ban Salmoniculture in Argentina and to create the Peninsula Mitre Natural Protected Area, southeastern tip of Tierra del Fuego.
SOURCE: Minuto Fueguino
Publication Date: 29/07/2020
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