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Good news is glimpsed in the animal kingdom. A Patagonian species that knew to be in danger of extinction is being inserted again in one of the most significant natural reserves of The Pampa . Guanaco is returning home in Luro Park .
Guanaco, or called guanicoe, is a species of artiodactyl mammal in the Camelidae family from South America . It is a wild animal, as opposed to the flame ( Lama glama ) that is domestic. It is fine-boned, with an approximate height of 1.60 meters and about 91 kilograms in weight. The youngest are called chulengos .
Guanacos are characterized by being the largest animals in Patagonia (except mammals marine). Its weight is typically twice that of its premiums, vicuñas and can reach up to 140 kg. Its coat is longer than that of vicuña, but shorter than that of the alpaca; it is also of excellent quality and for this reason they have been preached for more than 30 years. . In addition, its meat is rich and eccentric flavor, so the extinction of guanaco was almost definitive
In 2016, the Undersecretary of the Environment of the Province of La Pampa began to develop a program aimed at the reintroduction of native species in different areas of the province . “The return of ours” is achieving what seemed impossible: that the region's emblematic species become a significant number again and do not become extinct.
The first species to go through the program was the common vizcacha or vizcacha de las pampas. This friendly rodent is known for its ability to modify its ecosystem and that of other species. He is a kind of architect of nature and under the aforementioned program, he returned home to Parque Luro. While their long-term permanence is not ensured, their populations are permanently monitored and slowly expanding .
The reintroduction of guanacos in the nature reserve promises to be even more successful than that of the vizcacha pampeana. In order to recover the largest native herbivore of the province , evolutionarily adapted to the aridity of the particular Pampean environments, the first batch of guanacos entered the reserve in December 2018 .
In November 2019 , the second batch of guanacos was entered, as a way to facilitate the consolidation of the species in Parque Luro. Fortunately, there were few casualties on both occasions and in this new period of births we can already observe the presence of nine Chulengos that inspire tenderness in the sight of visitors to the protected area.
There are countless factors that can provoke extinction or the disappearance of an animal species, but it is clear that the most dangerous is the human hand . Despite not being assured of his stay, the guanaco has returned to the place he should never have left.
Publication Date: 06/02/2021
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